Lemon Juice Assisted Green Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Its Application for Adsorption of Methylene Blue.
Category:- Journal; Year:- 2021
Discipline:- Chemistry Discipline
School:- Science, Engineering & Technology School
Sustainable synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is of crucial significance within the development of carbon nanomaterials. In this study, a green and eco-friendly strategy for the synthesis of rGO using lemon juice as the reducing agent for graphene oxide (GO) without using toxic and harmful chemicals was demonstrated. The reduction with lemon juice effectively eliminated the oxygen-containing functionalities of GO and regenerated the conjugated systems as confirmed by the UV-vis and FTIR spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction analyses. Microscopic evaluation showed the successful manufacturing of exfoliated and separated few layers of nano-sheets of rGO. The application of the resultant rGO as an adsorbent for organic pollutants was investigated using methylene blue (MB) as a model. The adsorption kinetics of MB on rGO is best matched with the pseudo-second-ordered kinetic model and the Langmuir model with a high adsorption capacity of 132.2 mg/g. The rGO exhibited good reusability with a removal efficiency of 80.4% in the fourth cycle. This green method provides a new prospect for the large-scale production of rGO in a cost-effective and safe manner.