Challenges of Participating in Online Education/Distance Learning Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic in Bangladesh: The Response From Students and Teachers

Author:- Md. Tanvir Hossain, Nishana Afrin Nishu, Nusrat Jahan, Halimatus Saadia, Mahfuza Zaman Ela, Quazi Moshrur-Ul-Alam and Mohammed Zaber Hossain
Category:- Journal; Year:- 2022
Discipline:- Sociology Discipline
School:- Social Science School


This study was designed to explore the challenges of participating in online education/distance learning (OE/DL) of students and teachers of secondary, higher secondary, and tertiary educational institutions in Bangladesh. Administering both web-based e-questionnaire and self-administered questionnaire, data were collected from 2,473 students and teachers. Findings from analysis of variance and t-test indicated disagreements among students and teachers regarding the challenges of OE/DL, with some exceptions, such as learning difficulties, willingness of government, and frequent load shedding. The outcome of exploratory factor analysis suggested a two-factor solution—‘pedagogical-technical challenges' and ‘financial challenges'—explaining around 50% variance regarding OE/DL. The overall results indicated that for an inclusive and quality OE/DL in Bangladesh, the improvement in technical infrastructure and pedagogical contents and resolving financial struggle are highly recommended to make OE/DL more effective and minimize the impact of a pandemic on the education sector.

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