Content-based Fish Classification Using Combination of Machine Learning Methods

Author:- S.M. Mohidul Islam, Suriya Islam Bani, Rupa Ghosh
Category:- Journal; Year:- 2021
Discipline:- Computer Science & Engineering Discipline
School:- Science, Engineering & Technology School


Fish species recognition is an increasing demand to the field of fish ecology, fishing industry sector, fisheries survey applications, and other related concerns. Traditionally, concept-based fish specifies identification procedure is used. But it has some limitations. Content-based classification overcomes these problems. In this paper, a contentbased fish recognition system based on the fusion of local features and global feature is proposed. For local features extraction from fish image, Local Binary Pattern (LBP), Speeded-Up Robust Feature (SURF), and Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) are used. To extract global feature from fish image, Color Coherence Vector (CCV) is used. Five popular machine learning models such as: Decision Tree, k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN), Support Vector Machines (SVM), Naïve Bayes, and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) are used for fish species prediction. Finally, prediction decisions of the above machine learning models are combined to select the final fish class based on majority vote. The experiment is performed on a subset of ‘QUT_fish_data’ dataset containing 256 fish images of 21 classes and the result (accuracy 98.46%) shows that though the proposed method does not outperform all existing fish classification methods but it outperforms many existing methods and so, the method is a competitive alternative in this field.

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