Response to extreme Climatic Event: A Case Study of Coastal Community from Southeast

Author:- Afsana Polly, Sanjoy Kumar Chanda and Tuhin Roy
Category:- Journal; Year:- 2021
Discipline:- Sociology Discipline
School:- Social Science School


This study focused on analyzing the coping strategies1 of the Aila affected community as response to the cyclone and the impact of it. One hundred and forty-eight household head of Jaliakhali Village of Dacope Upazila in Khulna District were interviewed by administering an interview schedule. The finding of the study revealed that the initial impacts are loss of income, educational disruption, and increase in rate of early marriage, contamination of water and spread of waterborne diseases. Various coping strategies of the households were adopted to mitigate the adverse impacts of Cyclone Aila. Significant portions (67.6 percent) of the respondents were involved in the agriculture before Aila while after Aila the portion was only 37.2 percent. The respondents adopted occupational shifting as a coping strategy. Moreover, around half of the children from the affected households continued to study at home instead of attending school. Planting deep rooted species, afforestation along the coastal belt and plantation in highlands were the indigenous strategies to recover the loss of forest. As health recovering strategies, they changed their water source and started to maintain more hygiene. Raising pond embankment, pond fencing by net, changing species and salinity tolerant species were the strategies to recover the loss of fish. Finally, the present study concluded by identifying the affected household and recommended different risk reduction to mitigate the impacts of cyclone Aila.

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