Psychological Distress Among Healthcare Professionals During the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Low Resource Settings: A Cross-Sectional Study in Bangladesh.
Category:- Journal; Year:- 2021
Discipline:- Environmental Science Discipline
School:- Life Science School
The COVID-19 pandemic has been very destructive
to and compromised the functioning of all nations' public health systems. In
the absence of a vaccine, healthcare workers have been employed to relentlessly
fight against COVID-19. The psychological status of healthcare workers during
the pandemic in countries with limited resources, notably Bangladesh, remains
unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the psychological states of
frontline and non-frontline Bangladeshi healthcare workers during the early
stages of the COVID-19 outbreak. An online cross-sectional study was conducted
from May 5 to 31, 2020 with 203 respondents. Psychological states were measured
with a self-reported numerical scale of fear, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder
(GAD-7) scale, and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The prevalence
rates of fear, anxiety, and depression were 60.6, 71.9, and 55.2%,
respectively. Compared to non-frontline workers, frontline workers reported
higher rates of anxiety (79.0 vs. 67.2%) and depression (65.4 vs. 48.4%).
Multivariate logistic regression models showed that working in a public
institution, being employed for <5 years, and being over-worked were risk
factors for developing psychological distress. Our findings emphasize the need
for timely psychological interventions to support the mental well-being of
healthcare professionals in Bangladesh.