SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND THE ASSESSMENT OF POND WATER SUITABILITY FOR AQUACULTURE IN THE SONADANGA AND KOTWALI THANAS OF KHULNA CITY CORPORATION

Authors

  • Safiha Siddique Soil, Water and Environment Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
  • Baig Abdullah Al Shoumik Soil, Water and Environment Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
  • Khandoker Qudrata Kibria Soil, Water and Environment Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53808/KUS.2022.19.01.2205-ls

Keywords:

Aquaculture; Spatial Distribution; Khulna City Corporation; Pond Water Quality

Abstract

In Bangladesh, aquaculture has become an extensive practice, and over 12% of the population is involved in it. It is well-recognized that water quality determines the metabolic and physiological activities of fishes and negatively affects fish production. However, both groundwater and surface water resources in many places are affected by various pollutants. This research was conducted to assess the suitability of pond water for aquaculture in Sonadanga and Kotwali thanas in Khulna City Corporation Area of Bangladesh using spatial distribution. For doing this, samples from 23 fish cultivated ponds in those two thanas were collected for analyzing the basic physical and chemical parameters. Results revealed that only the pH of the ponds was in a favorable range (8.03 to 7.37) for aquaculture, but other water quality parameters like electrical conductivity (EC), total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), dissolved oxygen (DO), calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), water hardness (WH), total iron (Fe2+ and Fe3+), sodium (Na+), chloride (Cl-), bicarbonate (HCO3-), nitrate (NO3-), phosphate (PO43-), and sulfate (SO42-) were present in excessive concentrations. The Pearson correlation among these parameters were found to be significant. Although, the water bodies in both thanas were unsuitable for fish farming, the Kotwali thana had more degraded ponds compared to the Sonadanga thana. It is recommended that the local administration should undertake necessary actions to improve the suitability of aquaculture and to conserve these water bodies in the area.

References

Alavi, S.M.H., Cosson, J. 2006. Sperm motility in fishes. (II) Effects of ions and osmolality: a review. Cell Biology International, 30(1): 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cellbi.2005.06.004

Azim, M.A., Islam, M.R., Hossain, M.B., Minar, M.H. 2012. Seasonal Variations in the Proximate Composition of Gangetic Sillago, Sillaginopsis panijus (Perciformes: Sillaginidae). Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 11 (5): 559-562.

BER. 2019. Bangladesh Economic Review 2018-19. Economic Adviser’s Wing, Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Boyd C.E., Tucker, C.S., Somiridhivej, B. 2016. Alkalinity and hardness: critical but elusive concepts in aquaculture. Journal of World Aquaculture Society, 47(1): 6-41. https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12241

Boyd, C.E., McNevin, A.A. 2015. Aquacultre, resource use and the environment. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New Jersey. pp: 366.

Boyd, C.E., Hanson, T. 2010. Dissolved-oxygen concentrations in pond aquaculture. Accessed on 3-11-2021. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281309202_Dissolved-oxygen_concentration_in_pond_aquaculture

Bremner, J.M., Keeney, D.R. 1965. Steam distillation methods for determination of ammonium, nitrate and nitrite. Analytica Chimica Acta, 32: 485-495. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(00)88973-4

Cadmus, P., Brinkman, S.F., May, M.K. 2018. Chronic Toxicity of Ferric Iron for North American Aquatic Organisms: Derivation of a Chronic Water Quality Criterion Using Single Species and Mesocosm Data. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 74(4): 605-615. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00244-018-0505-2

DoF, 2019. Yearbook of Fisheries Statistics of Bangladesh, 2018-19. Fisheries Resources Survey System (FRSS). Department of Fisheries, Bangladesh: Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, 2019. Volume 36: 135p.

El-Bouhy, Z.M., Saleh, G.A., El-Nobi, G., Reda, R.M. 2006. Study on the Effect of Chlorine on Health and Growth of Some Ornamental Fishes. Zagazig Veterinary Journal, 34(2): 164-172.

Elphick, J.R., Davies, M., Gilron, G., Canaria, E.C., Lo, B., Bailey, H.C. 2011. An aquatic toxicological evaluation of sulfate: The case for considering hardness as a modifying factor in setting water quality guidelines. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(1): 247-253. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.363

Freeze, A.R., Cherry J.A. 1979. Groundwater. Prentice Hall Inc. New Jersey. pp: 13-73.

Hatje, V.E.D. and Bidone, J.L. 1998. Maddock, Estimation of the natural and anthropogenic components of heavy metal fluxes in fresh water Sinos river, Rio Grande do Sul state, South Brazil. Environmental Technology, 19: 483-487.

Hickin, E.J. 1995. Hydraulic geometry and channel scour, Fraser River, British Columbia, Canada. pp: 155-167. In: Hickin, E.J. (Ed.), River Geomorphology. Wiley, UK.

Hu, H.Y. 1995. Aquaculture Survey. Beijing: China Agricultural Press.

Hunt, J. 1980. Determination of total sulfur in small amounts of plant material. Analyst, 105: 83-53.

Islam, M.S., Mahmud, M.S., Chowdhury, N., Shamsad, S.Z.K.M. 2009. Water and sediment quality of Fay’s Lake, Chittagong. Dhaka University Journal of Biological Sciences, 18: 147-158.

Jackson, M.L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis: Advanced Course. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi.

Jackson, M.L. 1967. Soil Chemical Analysis. 2nd edition. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi.

Kim, E., Yoo, S., Ro, H.Y., Han, H.J., Baek, Y.W., Eom, I.C., Kom, H.M., Kim, P., Choi, K. 2013. Aquatic Toxicity Assessment of Phosphate Compounds. Environmental Health and Toxicology, 28: e2013002. https://dx.doi.org/10.5620%2Feht.2013.28.e2013002

Lahnsteiner, F. 2014. The effect of K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ on sperm motility in the perch, Perca fluviatilis. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 40(2): 469-480. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-013-9858-7

Linton, T.K., Pachego, M.A., McIntyre, D.O., Clement, W.H., Goodrich-Mahoney, J. 2007. J. Development of bioassessment-based benchmarks for iron. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26: 1291–1298. https://doi.org/10.1897/06-431.1

Luo, S., Wu, B., Xiong, X., Wang J. 2016. Effects of total hardness and caclcium:magnesium ratio of water during early stages of rare Minnows (Gobiocypris rarus). Comparative Medicine, 66(3): 181-187.

Mallya, Y.J. 2007. The effects of dissolved oxygen on fish growth in aquaculture. The United Nations University Fisheries Training Programme, Final Project.

Rahman, M. S. 1992. Water quality management in aquaculture. BRAC Prokashana, Bangladesh. pp: 84

Sampaio, L.A., Pissetti, T.L., Morena, M. 2006. Acute toxicity of nitrate in larvae of the marine kingdish Odontesthes argentinensis (Teleostei, Atherinopsidae). Rural Science, 36(3): 10008-1010.

Schwarzenbach, G., Biedermann, W., Bangerter, F. 1946. New, Simple Titration Methods for Determining the Hardness of Water. Helvetica Chimmica Acta, 29: 811-829.

Spade, S., Bristow, B. 1999. Effects of increasing water hardness on egg diameter and hatch rates of striped bass eggs. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 61(3): 263-265. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8454(1999)061<0263:EOIWHO>2.0.CO;2

Stephan, C.E., Mount, D.I., Hansen, D.J., Gentile, J.R., Chapman, G.A., Brungs, W.A. 1985. Guidelines for deriving numerical standards for the protection of aquatic organisms and their uses. PB85-227049. Springfield.

Swingle, H.S. 1969. Methods of analysis for waters, organic matter, and pond bottom soils used in fisheries research. Auburn University.

USEPA. 1976. Quality criteria for water. PB263-943. Washington, DC.

Yogendra, K. Puttaiah, E.T. 2008. Determination of Water Quality Index and Suitability of an Urban Waterbody in Shimoga Town, Karnataka. Proceeding of Taal 2007: The 21th World Lake Conference. pp: 342-346

Downloads

Published

25-05-2022

How to Cite

[1]
S. . Siddique, B. A. . Al Shoumik, and K. Q. . Kibria, “SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND THE ASSESSMENT OF POND WATER SUITABILITY FOR AQUACULTURE IN THE SONADANGA AND KOTWALI THANAS OF KHULNA CITY CORPORATION ”, Khulna Univ. Stud., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 55–65, May 2022.

Issue

Section

Life Science

Most read articles by the same author(s)