GENERATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTE IN KHULNA CITY, BANGLADESH
Keywords:Solid waste, composition of waste, household size, socio-economic group, Khulna city
For growing cities, solid waste management is a serious concern, focusing on household waste because it accounts for a significant portion of municipal solid waste. An accurate estimation of the quantity and characteristics of solid waste mixtures from diverse income levels is required for effective city-wide solid waste management planning. The purpose of this study is to assess the production and characteristics of domestic solid waste produced by different socio-economic groups in three wards (no. 17, 23 and 24) of Khulna city. Moreover, various factors that influence the pace of waste production have been critically investigated. The finding suggests that, household waste generation rate ranges from 0.421 to 5.81 kg/day, average of 1.917 kg/day and 0.476 kg/capita/day. The waste composition analysis depicts that kitchen garbage is the most prevalent component. The waste generation rate has a positive relationship with income level and household size. Nonetheless, the findings and proposed essential steps of this study would be beneficial in assisting policymakers in refining plans for controlling the municipal waste effectively.
Ahsan, A., Alamgir, M., Imteaz, M., Shams, S., Rowshon, M. K., Aziz, M. G., & Idrus, S. (2015). Municipal solid waste generation, composition and management: Issues and challenges. A case study. Environment Protection Engineering, 41(3), 43–59. https://doi.org/10.5277/EPEL50304
Al-Khatib, I. A., Monou, M., Abu Zahra, A. S. F., Shaheen, H. Q., & Kassinos, D. (2010). Solid waste characterization, quantification and management practices in developing countries. A case study: Nablus district – Palestine. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(5), 1131–1138. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JENVMAN.2010.01.003
Batool, S. A., & Ch, M. N. (2009). Municipal solid waste management in Lahore City District, Pakistan. Waste Management, 29(6), 1971–1981. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WASMAN.2008.12.016
BBS. (2015). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics - Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh-Statistical-Yearbook. http://www.bbs.gov.bd/site/page/29855dc1-f2b4-4dc0-9073-f692361112da/Statistical-Yearbook
Dangi, M. B., Pretz, C. R., Urynowicz, M. A., Gerow, K. G., & Reddy, J. M. (2011a). Municipal solid waste generation in Kathmandu, Nepal. Journal of Environmental Management, 92(1), 240–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JENVMAN.2010.09.005
Dangi, M. B., Pretz, C. R., Urynowicz, M. A., Gerow, K. G., & Reddy, J. M. (2011b). Municipal solid waste generation in Kathmandu, Nepal. Journal of Environmental Management, 92(1), 240–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JENVMAN.2010.09.005
Gomez, G., Meneses, M., Ballinas, L., & Castells, F. (2008a). Characterization of urban solid waste in Chihuahua, Mexico. Waste Management, 28, 2465–2471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2007.10.023
Gomez, G., Meneses, M., Ballinas, L., & Castells, F. (2008b). Characterization of urban solid waste in Chihuahua, Mexico. Waste Management, 28(12), 2465–2471. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WASMAN.2007.10.023
Gu, B., Wang, H., Chen, Z., Jiang, S., Zhu, W., Liu, M., Chen, Y., Wu, Y., He, S., Cheng, R., Yang, J., & Bi, J. (2015). Characterization, quantification and management of household solid waste: A case study in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 98, 67–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RESCONREC.2015.03.001
Harun, M., & Rashid, O. (2019). Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management in Dhaka City: Challenges and Issues Towards Sustainable Energy Transition in Response to Climate Change in Dhaka City: Challenges and Issues View project Md Harun Or Rashid Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management in Dhaka City: Challenges and Issues. Journal of Bangladesh Institute of Planners, 12, 97–107. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342626180
Hasan, G. M. J., & Chowdhury, M. A. I. (2006). Municipal Waste Management and Environmental Hazards in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution, 3(1), 39–48.
Hoornweg, D., & Bhada-Tata, P. (2012). What a Waste : A Global Review of Solid Waste Management. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/17388
Jadoon, A., Batool, S. A., & Chaudhry, M. N. (2013). Assessment of factors affecting household solid waste generation and its composition in Gulberg Town, Lahore, Pakistan. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 2013 16:1, 16(1), 73–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/S10163-013-0146-5
Khan, D., Kumar, A., & Samadder, S. R. (2016). Impact of socioeconomic status on municipal solid waste generation rate. Waste Management, 49, 15–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WASMAN.2016.01.019
Manly, B. (2009). Statistics for Enviromental science and management. Second Edition. Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 295.
Masoud, S., Ghasem, M. ·, Omrani, A., Karbassi, A., Farzaneh, ·, Raof, F., Monavari, S. M., Omrani, G. A., Raof, · F Fakheri, Karbassi, A., & Raof, F. F. (2011). The effects of socioeconomic parameters on household solid-waste generation and composition in developing countries (a case study: Ahvaz, Iran). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 2011 184:4, 184(4), 1841–1846. https://doi.org/10.1007/S10661-011-2082-Y
Ogwueleka, T. C. (2013). Survey of household waste composition and quantities in Abuja, Nigeria. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 77, 52–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RESCONREC.2013.05.011
Ojeda-Benítez, S., Vega, C. A. de, & Marquez-Montenegro, M. Y. (2008). Household solid waste characterization by family socioeconomic profile as unit of analysis. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 52(7), 992–999. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RESCONREC.2008.03.004
Rahman, S. M. T., & Kabir, A. (2019). Factors influencing location choice and cluster pattern of manufacturing small and medium enterprises in cities: evidence from Khulna City of Bangladesh. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research 2019 9:1, 9(1), 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1186/S40497-019-0187-X
Saeed, M. O., Hassan, M. N., & Mujeebu, M. A. (2009). Assessment of municipal solid waste generation and recyclable materials potential in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Waste Management (New York, N.Y.), 29(7), 2209–2213. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WASMAN.2009.02.017
Sujauddin, M., Huda, S. M. S., & Hoque, A. T. M. R. (2008a). Household solid waste characteristics and management in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Waste Management, 28(9), 1688–1695. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WASMAN.2007.06.013
Sujauddin, M., Huda, S. M. S., & Hoque, A. T. M. R. (2008b). Household solid waste characteristics and management in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Waste Management, 28(9), 1688–1695. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WASMAN.2007.06.013
Suthar, S., & Singh, P. (2015). Household solid waste generation and composition in different family size and socio-economic groups: A case study. Sustainable Cities and Society, 14(1), 56–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SCS.2014.07.004
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Khulna University Studies
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.