Objectives of studying Soil Science as an independent discipline and branches of Soil Science.
Concepts of Soil.
Soil forming materials-rocks, minerals.
Weathering processes-physical, chemical and biological weathering. Factors affecting weathering.
Products of weathering.
Factors influencing soil formation; basic ideas on soil forming processes; development of soil horizons and soil profiles.
Basic ideas about properties of soil – morphological, physical, chemical, physico-chemical, biological and mineralogical properties of soil.
Soil as a three-phase disperse system; description of the three phases of soils.
Physical nature of the soil separates:
Particles size distribution.
Particle size analysis; Stocks’ law.
Soil textural classes.
Soil structure-classificaiton and importance.
Soil colour-origin and importance.
Soil water-classification and importance.
Soil air-composition and importance.
Basic idea about microbes in soils: bacteria, algae and fungi.
Donahue, R. L, Miller, R.W. and Shickluna, J. C. 1983. Soils: An introduction to soils and plant growth.
Brady, N. C. and Neil, R. R. 1996. The Nature and Properties of Soils. Prentice-Hall International Ltd. USA.
Hillel, D. 1980. Fundamentals of Soil Physics. Academic Press Inc. NewYork, USA.
Bear, F. E. 1964. Chemistry of the Soil. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. India.
Bhon, H. L., NcNeal, B. L. and Connor, G. A. 1985. Soil Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons.
Tisdale, S. L., Nelson, W. L., Beaton, J. D. and Havlin, J. L. Prentic – Hall International Ltd. USA.
Introductory Soil Science Sessional/Field work (Core Course)
SS-1102: Introductory Soil Science Sessional/Field work (3 Credit hours)
1. Fundamental Knowledge on different types of field studies and laboratory analysis used in soil science.
2. Precautions to be taken in the laboratory: handling of different kinds of instruments, use of glasswares, use of chemicals and personal precautions. Purpose of soil analysis. Principles of the methods used for soil analysis, basis for selection of analytical methods.
3. Observation and collection of soil from different sites of Bangladesh.
4. Determination of soil moisture contents by gravimetric method.
5. Determination of field capacity of soil.
1. Didar, M., Huq, S. M. I., Rahman, M. S. and Anam. K. 1991. A handbook on Chemical Analyses of Soil, Plant and Water.
2. Hossain, S. M. M. 1989. Laboratory Manual for Soil and Plant Analysis. Analytical Services Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute.
Chemistry (Core Course)
Chem-1151: Chemistry (3 Credit hours)Section-A
1. Classification of elements: Periodic table, types of elements, variation of properties within periods and groups, usefulness of the periodic table, limitation of periodic table.
2. Oxidation-Reduction: Definition, modern concept, writing of equations involving oxidation-reduction reaction, oxidation-reduction potentials, concept of redox indicators.
3. Chemical kinetic: First and second order reactions and their simple treatment; Determination of the order of reactions; Outline of Arrhenius and collision theory.
4. Survey of organic functional groups; Reaction with special reference to functional groups; properties and important uses of aliphatic hydro carbon. Halogen derivatives of aliphatic hydrocarbon; Aldehyde and ketoses; Carboxylic acids and amines; modern concepts of the structure of benzene and glucose.
5. Principles of neutralization reactions, theory of neutralization reaction, heat of reaction, heat of formation, heat of combustion and heat of neutralization; Principles of titration, types of titration; precipitation titration, complexometric titration.
6. Volumetric analysis: Definition of fundamental terms, basic principles of volumetric analysis, acidimetry and alkalimetry, standard solution; classification of the methods of volumetric analysis.
7. Colloids: Colloids and crystalloid; classification of colloids; general methods of preparation of colloidal solution; Properties of colloids; coagulation; peptisation and electrophoresis.
8. Solution: Different units of concentration, factors influencing the solubility of a substance; Mechanism of dissolution; liquefaction of gases; properties of dilute solution; lowering of vapour pressure; Depression of freezing point, Elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure.
1. Hoque M. M. and Nawab, M. A. 1974. Principles of Physical Chemistry. Students Publication, Dhaka.
2. Bahl, B. S. and Tuli, G. D. 1985. Essentials of Physical Chemistry. S. Chand & Co. Ltd. India.
3. Haider, S. Z. 1977. Introduction to Modern Inorganic Chemistry. Students Publication, Dhaka.
4. Bahl, B. S. and Bahl, A 1998. Modern Organic Chemistry. S. Chand & Co. Ltd. India.
Chemistry Sessional (Core Course)
Chem-1151: Chemistry Sessional (1.5 Credit hours)
1. Preparation of solutions and volumetric analysis.
2. Oxidation, reduction and titrations involving
a) Preparation and standardization of N/10 KMnO4 solutions with sodium oxalate solution.
b) Determination of ferrous iron with standard KMnO4 solution.
3. Preparation of standard N/10 K2Cr2O7 solution.
Geology (Core Course)
1) Creation of the universe, Interior of the earth, Origin of different spheres, Continental drift, Seismic waves, their characteristics & application.
2) Minerals: Definition, Properties of minerals, Classification, Identification of common minerals.
3) Rocks: Definition, Classification of rocks.
a) Igneous rock [Definition, Classification, Characteristics of intrusive & extrusive rocks, various forms of igneous rocks, Structure & texture of igneous rocks, Common igneous rocks.]
b) Sedimentary rocks [Definition, Formation, Characteristics, Common sedimentary rocks.]
c) Metamorphic rocks [Definition, Metamorphism, Agents of metamorphism, Kinds of metamorphism, Depth of metamorphism, Facies & grades of metamorphism, Texture & structure of metamorphic minerals, Classification & nomenclature of metamorphic rocks.]
4) Stratigraphy: Law of superposition, Law of uniformitarianism, Correlation, Physical & biological criteria of correlation, Bengal basin.
5) Palentology: Definition & scope of paleontology, Definition of fossil, Criteria to be a fossil, Nature of fossil records, Use of fossil, Guide (Index) fossil, Extinction, Fossiliferrous rocks, Geologic time scale.
6) Structural Geology: Mechanical principles (Force, Stress, Strain, Physical properties of rocks, Rock behavior under stress, Factors controlling behavior of material), Structural geology, Relation of structural geology to other branches of geology, Fold (Definition, attribute of beds, strike, deep, parts of a fold, nomenclature of folds, causes of folding), Joint, Fault, Unconformity.
7) Economic minerals of Bangladesh: Coal, Glass sand, White clay, Lime stone, Hard rock.
8) Contour maps.
1. Foster, R. J. Physical Geology, 4th Edition. Bell & Howell Company.
2. Plummer, C. C. and Geary, D. M. Physical Geology. 6th Edition. WCB Publishers.
3. Khan, F. H. 1991. Geology of Bangladesh. The University Press Limited, Bangladesh.
4. Hussain, M. S. 1992. Soil Classification. Dhaka University Press, Dhaka University.
Geology Sessional (Core Course)
SS-1103: Geology Sessional/Field work (1.5 Credit hours)
Collection and Identification of rocks, minerals and fossils.
English (Core Course)
Eng-1155: English (2 Credit hours)Section- A
1. Grammar: a) Tense; b) Parts of speech; c) Sentence structure; d) Voice; e) Corrections.
2. Reading Skills: A reading course based on scientific subject matter.
3. Study Skills: A training in summarizing and finding main points of a text.
4. Speaking Skills: Practical use to the students in speaking situation which he/she might realistically encounter.
5. Writing free and guided composition and technical writings.
6. Translation and retranslating writing.
1. Ryle, Michael A. & others. 1981. Test of English as a Foreign Language. Cliffs Notes, Inc. USA.
2. Taylor, Clive, 1978. Advancing Language Skills. The University Press Ltd. Bangladesh.
3. A practiacal English Grammar by- Thomson and Martinate.
Mathematics (Core Course)
Math-1167: Mathematics (3 Credit hours)Section-A
1. Differential Calculus: Differentiation of a function, formula for differentiating a sum, a product, a quotient of two functions and function, partial differentiation, successive differentiation, Lbenitzs theorem and of a function of more than one real variables.
2. Integral Calculus: Methods of integration by parts, special integration, definite integrals, area and volumes.
3. Higher Trigonometry: De Moiveres theorem and its applications, Gregories series, Summation series.
4. Inequalities, relation between roots and coefficients of algebraic equations; summation series; coefficients of algebraic equations; convergency; divergency; matrices (definition, elementary properties, addition, multiplication of matrices), inverse matrix, solution of equations with the help of matrices.
5. Analytical Geometry: General equation of second degree; straight lines, pairs of straight lines, circles and parabola.
1. Hall, H.S. and Knight S.R, 1961. Higher Algebra. MacMillan and Co. Ltd., New York.
2. Peterson, G.L. 1989. Algebra and Trigonometry. Words Worth Publicating Company, Belmont, California.
3. Shahidullah, A. M. M. and Bhattacharjee, P. V. 1988. A text Book on Higher Algebra and Trigonometry. H. L. Bhattacharjee, 124 Chandarpura, Chittagong.
4. Abdur Rahman, A.F.M. and Bhattacharjee P.K. 1989. A Text Book on Co-ordinate Geometry with Vector Analysis. Student Ways, Bangla Bazar, Dhaka.
5. Mohammad, K. and Bahttacharijee, P.K. 1988. A Text Book on Differential Calculus. S. Tripaty. 124 Chandarpura, Chittagong.
6. Mohammad, K. and Bahttacharijee, P.K. 1987. A Text Book on Integral Calculus. H. Bhattacharjee, 124 Chandarpura, Chittagong.