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SS-5101
Fundamentals of Soil Science-I (Core Course)
2.0  Credit
SS-5101: Fundamentals of Soil Science-I  Section-A
  1. Basic concept of soil
  2. Rocks and minerals: Different types and formation, soil forming rocks and minerals
  3. Weathering of rocks and minerals
  4. Formation of soil: factors affecting soil formation, pedogenesis
  5. Description of soil in field
  6. Description and identification of major soils of the world
  7. Geology and soils of Bangladesh
  8. Major soil classification systems of the world
  Section-B
  1. Basic soil physical properties
  2. Soil Texture: Definition, textural classes, size ranges, mineralogical composition, determination, importance
  3. Soil Structure: Definition, classification, genesis, soil aggregates, determination importance, management
  4. Soil water: classification, determination, energy concept of soil water, soil water movement, soil water retention and desorption characteristics, importance, management
  5. Soil Air: composition, movement, gaseous exchange, determination, importance, management
  6. Soil Temperature: soil temperature regimes, soil temperature fluctuations, soil heat movement, importance, management
  7. The soil plant water continuum
  8. Irrigation and drainage for soil water management
  9. Soil erosion and Degradation
  10. Sustainable soil conservation and soil management
  Recommended References:
  1. Donahue, R. L, Miller, R.W. and Shickluna, J. C. 1983. Soils: An introduction to soils
and plant growth.
  1. Brady, N. C. and Neil, R. R. 1996. The Nature and Properties of Soils. Prentice-Hall
International Ltd. USA.
  1. Hillel, D. 1980. Fundamentals of Soil Physics. Academic Press Inc. NewYork, USA.
  2. Bear, F. E. 1964. Chemistry of the Soil. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.
India.
  1. Bhon, H. L., NcNeal, B. L. and Connor, G. A. 1985. Soil Chemistry. John Wiley &
Sons.
  1. Tisdale, S. L., Nelson, W. L., Beaton, J. D. and Havlin, J. L. Prentic – Hall
International Ltd. USA.  
SS-5103
Fundamentals of Soil Science-II (Core Course)
2.0  Credit
SS-5103: Fundamentals of Soil Science-II Section-A
  1. Soil organic matter: Sources, composition and importance of organic matter in agriculture.
  2. Soil Solution: Composition and concentration of soil solution and factors controlling them.Dynamic equilibrium of soil solution with soil and gaseous phases; importance of soil solution in soil development, plant growth, and nutrient availability. Movement of salts in soil.
  3. Soil Reaction: Concept of soil pH and pH scale; sources of H+ and OH- ions in soil; factors affecting soil pH, importance of soil pH; soil pH and agricultural crops.
  4. Buffering: Buffering action and buffer solution; soil as a buffer; importance of buffering in agriculture.
Section-B
  1. Ion exchange phenomenon: Ion exchange; cation exchange capacity of soil colloids;
importance of ion exchange.
  1. Soil fertility: Concept of soil fertility and productivity; soil as a medium for plant growth, Factors affecting plant growth.
  2. Maintenance of soil fertility, fertilizer-organic and inorganic; basic ideas on the fertility status of Bangladesh soils.
  3. Soil toxicology: Fertilizers, pesticides, industrial wastes and effluents, contaminated
irrigation groundwater.     Recommended References:
  1. Donahue, R.L, Miller, R. W. and Shickluna, J. C. 1983. Soils; An introduction to soils and
plant growth.
  1. Brady, N. C and Neil, R. R. 1996. The Nature and Properties of Soils. Prentice-Hall
International Ltd. USA.
  1. Hillel, D. 1980. Fundamentals of Soil Physics. Academic Press, Inc, USA.
  2. Bear F. E. 1964. Chemistry of the Soil. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi,
India.
  1. Bhon, H. L., NcNeal, B. L. and Connor, G. A 1985. Soil Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons.
  2. Tisdale, S. L., Nelson, W. L., Beaton, J. D. and Havlin, J. L. 1997. Prentic – Hall of India
Pvt. Ltd.  
SS-5105
Advanced Soil Physics (Core Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5105: Advanced Soil Physics Section-A
  1. Water retention and movement in soil: continuity equation, combined flow equation, various forms of Richard’s equation, Vapor movement, Soil gas movement in unsaturated system.
  2. Heat flow through soil: simultaneous transport of heat and water,
  3. Solute transport: convection, diffusion, hydrodynamic dispersion, miscible displacement, combined transport of solutes, salt balance of soil profile, leaching of excess salt,
  4. Energy and water balance at soil plant atmosphere interfaces;
  5. Tillage dynamics;
  6. Soil spatial variability.
Section-B
  1. Surface and Groundwater Drainage; Estimation of drainage capacity, drainage co-efficient and drainage density; Determination of drainage depth and spacing;
  2. Application of soil physics to remediation of hazardous waste sites;
  3. Representing land surface in global climate models;
  4. Scaling of soil properties;
  5. Pedotransfer factors (PTFs);
  6. Assessment of soil physical environment.
  Recommended References
  1. Hillel, D. 1998. Environmental Soil Physics, Academic Press, New York
  1. Jury, W. A. and R. Horton. 2004 (6th Edition). Soil Physics. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  2. Sumner, M.E. 2000. Handbook of Soil Science, CRC Press LLC, Florida
  3. An Introduction to the Environmental Physics of Soil, Water and Watersheds by Calvin W. Rose (2004)
  4. Development of Pedotransfer Functions in Soil Hydrology, Volume 30 (Developments in Soil Science) by Y. Pachepsky and W.J. Rawls (2004)
  5. Soil Physics Companion by A.W. Warrick ( 2001)
SS-5106
Advanced Soil Physics Sessional (Core Course)
1.0  Credit
SS-5106: Advanced Soil Physics sessional Soil water holding capacity; Retention and release of water; soil water movement in saturated and unsaturated soil; Determination of leaf water potential; Use and construction of lysimeters; Determination of ET; Soil water budgeting; soil spatial variability
SS-5107
Soil Hydrology (Core Course)
2.0  Credit
SS-5107: Soil Hydrology Section-A
  1. Groundwater and occurrence of groundwater; Aquifers parameter;
  2. Groundwater and environmental influence; Pollution of groundwater;
  3. Well hydraulics;
  4. Ground water modeling techniques;
  5. Investigation & exploration of groundwater;
  6. Safe yield of ground water; Groundwater quality;
  7. Management of groundwater;
  8. Groundwater of Bangladesh
Section-B
  1. Hydrological cycles;
  2. Surface water systems;
  3. Precipitation, runoff, evapotranspiration and their measurement; Rivers, lakes and oceans; [Hydrologic Cycle: Concept; Basic hydrologic processes; Precipitation interception, infiltration, evaporation and transpiration, runoff, sub-surface water, ground water, 3rd Year Watershed Management]
  4. Hydrograph construction and interpretation; frequency analysis of hydrological events;
  5. Stream flow; Field measurement of sediment transport and discharge;
  6. Flood routing
  Recommended References
  1. Todd, D.K. 2001. Groundwater Hydrology. 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  2. Das, G. 2000. Hydrology and Soil Conservation Engineering.
  3. Bosscher, A. 1984. Basic Hydrology. Water resources Development.
  4. Nielsen, D. M. and A. I. Johnson (eds.). 1992. Groundwater and Vadose Zone Monitoring. ASTM, STP 1053.
  5. Ritchey, J.D. and Rumbaugh, J.O. (eds.). 1996. Subsurface fluid flow (Groundwater and Vadose Zone) Modeling. ASTM. STP.1288.
  6. Andrew D. W. 2004. Environmental Hydrology. (2nd Ed.). CRC press LLC.
  7. Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition by Andy D. Ward and Stanley W. Trimble (Hardcover - Dec 18, 2003)
  8. Hydrology: An Introduction by Wilfried Brutsaert (Hardcover - Sep 5, 2005)
  9. Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis (4th Edition) by Philip B. Bedient, Wayne C. Huber, and Baxter E. Vieux (Hardcover - Jul 28, 2007)
  10. Introduction to Hydrology (5th Edition) by Warren Viessman and Gary L. Lewis (Paperback - Oct 19, 2002)
SS-5108
Soil Hydrology Sessional (Core Course)
1.0  Credit
SS-5108: Soil Hydrology Sessional Measurement of precipitation and runoff; Investigation of ground water; Hydrograph construction and interpretation; Field measurement of sediment transport and discharge
SS-5109
Research Methodology-II (Core Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5109: Research Methodology-II Section-A
  1. Nature of basic and applied research, role of research; Research planning including problem analysis and project planning; Operations research techniques; Preparation of a study plan, Preparation of research proposal (short -term and long-term research projects ).
  2. Sampling types and techniques, their advantages and applications, sample size, sample error, non-sampling error.
  3. Tools and methods of social survey
Section-B
  1. Investigative procedures; Design and analysis of experiments
  2. Practical application and actual implementation of statistical analysis techniques
  3. The test statistics and ANOVA; Interpretation of results
  4. Communication of research findings; Style and format of report writing; Limitation of research techniques.
  Recommended References:
  1. Baily, N.T.S. 1994. Statistical Methods in Biology. Cambridge University Press.
  2. Corby, P.C. Methods in Behavioral Research. London, pp 328 Co., London.
  3. Cochran, W.G. and Cox, G.M. 1957. Experimental Desins. John Wiley & Sons Inc, London
  4. Frank, H. and Althoen, S.C. 1994. Statistical Concepts and Applications. Cambridge   University Press.
  5. Gupta, S. 1993. Research Methodology and Statistical Techniques. Deep & Deep, Publications, New Delhi
  6. Sokal, R.R. and Rohlf, F.J.1981. Biometry: The Principle and Practice of Statistics in Biological Research
  7. Zaman, A.H.M.H., Rahim, K. and Howlader, 1980. Simple Lessons in Biometry, Bangladesh Rice Research Institue, Gazipur.
 
SS-5111
Coastal Zone Management (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5111: Coastal Zone Management Section A
  1. Costal Processes: Historical Perspective; Sedimentary Processes –Sediment entrainment, Sediment transport, Sediment, Deposition; Wave Processes –Types of waves, Wave generation and movement, Wave transformation, Wave measurement, Wave climate; Tides and tidal influence – Tidal oscillation, Tidal processes in embayments, estuaries and creeks; Other oceanographic processes; Terrestrial and subaerial processes –Wind action, Frost action, Fluvial processes; Biological processes
  1. Coastal Geomorphology: Historical perspective –historical geomorphology. Coastal geomorphology –coastal landforms, coastal morphodynamics; Coastal systems –landform morphology, system interrelationships, feedback and threshold, equilibrium; Geomorphological change over time;
  1. Deltas and estuaries –deltaic asend estuarine process, delta-estuarine morphology, morphodynamic development of deltas, morphodynamic development of estuaries.; Muddy coasts –Tidal flats, Tidal inlets and tidal creeks, Saltmarsh and mangrove shorelines, Salt-marsh and mangrove morphodynamics; Other coasts -Rocky coasts; Reef coasts; Beach and Barrier coasts.
Section B
  1. Integrated con coastal zone management strategies: Global as well as Bangladesh concept.
  1. Sustainable management of coastal resources: Protection of vulnerable areas from erosion, protection of coastal wetlands, coastal land reclamation, coastal surface water and groundwater management, integrated drainage improvement of tidal influenced south-west zone; Saline soil management –Formation, Problems, Nutrient   dynamic, Agricultural potentialities - crop suitability, irrigation suitability, Management practices of coastal saline   soils; Peat soil management –physical, chemical and biological properties of peat soil, Formation, Problems    Agriculcultural potentialities, Management practices of peat soil. Acid sulfate soil – Fromation, Nutrient dynamics, Problems, Management practices of acid sulfate soil. Waterlogged soil –Causes of water-logging, Reclamation of waterlogged soils, Hydrophonic cultivation on waterlogged.
  1. Human impact on the coast: Human interaction with the coast, Activities within the coastal system, Tourism and the resort cycle, Global environmental change –Sea level rise, Response of coasts, Human adaptation to change on the coast.
  Recommended References:
  1. Cicin sain, B and Knecht, R.W. (1998). Integrated coastal and Ocean Management: Concept and practices. Island Press. Washington D.C.
  2. Ruddle, K. et al (1982). The coastal zone management response to change. Harwood Academic Publishers. N.Y.
  3. Calderon, E.J. and Alvarez. Villamil, G. (2002). Sustainability in Rural and Coastal Areas. McGraw Hill Publication, USA.
  4. European foundation (2001). Sustainability in Coastal zones: The Human Element in Social, Economic and Environmental Aspects. Prentice Hall Pvt. Ltd.
  5. Pethic J. (2100). An Introduction to coastal Geomorphology, ARNOLD. London.
  6. Colin D. Woodroffe. (2002). Coasts – Form, process and evolution. Cambridge university press,
SS-5113
Application of Mathematics in Soil Science (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5113: Application of Mathematics in Soil Science Section-A
  1. Functions and limits;
  2. Transcendental function Differentiations: Partial and successive;
  3. Integrations: by part, special integration, definite integrals; Tangent and normal; curvature;
  4. Fractals; Matrix; Series expansion
Section-B
  1. Numerical solutions for differentiations and Integrations;
  2. Graph fitting; Concept of boundary condition;
  3. Analytical geometry; Higher trigonometry;
  4. Probability and probability theorem;
  5. Error function; Newton-Raphson method; Boltzmann substitution; Taylor equation;
  6. Conics and coordinates
  Recommended References
  1. Purcell, E. J. and D. Varberg. 1984. Calculus with analytic geometry (4th edition), Prentice-Hall, Inc. New Jersey
  2. Mathematics: An Applied Approach 8th Edition by Michael Sullivan, Wiley Plus Set
  3. Salas, L.C and Hille, E. 1990. Calculus. 7th ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  4. Stachl, S. 1999. Real Analysis. A Historical Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  5. Thomas Jr. G.B. and Finney, R.L. 1998. Calculus and Analytical Gometry. Addition-Wesley Longman, Inc.
  6. Olive, J. Maths: A Self Study Guide.
  7. Math for Soil Scientists by James A Thompson and Mark S. Coyne (2005)
  8. Fractals in Soil Science (Advances in Soil Science) by Philippe Baveye, Jean-Yves Parlange, and Bobby A. Stewart (1998)
SS-5115
Environmental Soil Modeling (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
5115: Environmental Soil Modeling Section-A
  1. Modeling; Types of models; Scope of environmental modeling; Model calibration and verification;
  2. Modeling trace metals and toxic organic chemicals;
  3. Chemical reaction kinetics;
  4. Transport of pollutants;
  5. Modeling of C, N, P and S;
  6. Eutrophication of lakes;
  7. Conventional pollutants of rivers; Groundwater contamination;
Section-B
  1. Soil formation models;
  2. Water retention and transmission model;
  3. Soil heat flow and gas movement models;
  4. Available nutrient transformation model;
  5. Model of soil dynamics;
  6. Arsenic pollution modeling;
  7. Soil quality model;
  8. Soil erosion and degradation model
  Recommended References
  1. Schnoor, J.L. 1996. Environmental Modelling, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
  2. Environmental Modeling: A Practical Introduction by Mike J. Barnsley (2007)
  3. Environmental Modeling: Using MATLAB® by Ekkehard Holzbecher (2007)
  4. Environmental Modeling: Fate and Transport of Pollutants in Water, Air, and Soil (Environmental Science and Technology: A Wiley-Interscience Series of Texts and Monographs) by Jerald L. Schnoor (1996)
  5. Environmental Modeling & Prediction by Gongbing Peng, Lance M. Leslie, and Yaping Shao (2001)
  6. Environmental Soil-Landscape Modeling: Geographic Information Technologies and Pedometrics (Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment) by Sabine Grunwald (2005)
  7. Environmental Applications of Geochemical Modeling by Chen Zhu and Greg Anderson (2002)
SS-5117
Sustainable Natural Resource Management (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
SS- 5117: Sustainable Natural Resource Management Section A
  1. Concept about sustainable resource management:- Sustainable resource management, objectives/outline for resource management. Guiding principles of resource development. Main issues related with resource management.
  2. Natural resources:- Concept about natural resources. Types of resources on the basis of character.
  3. Land resource:- Land resource, land and soil type. Utilization of land. Agricultural land use. Urban land use. Land management in Bangladesh. Recommendation for sustainable land development. Land degradation, causes of land degradation. Effect of land degradation. Management of land degradation.
  4. Forest resource:- Forest resource, location of forest resource in Bangladesh. Sundarban forest. Management of forest.
  5. Fisheries:- Fish resource, location of fisheries, production of fishes, uses and management of fisheries.
Section B
  1. Water: Water management, Rural water resource management in Bangladesh, Urban water resource management in Bangladesh Integrated water resource management in Bangladesh, Integrated water management in Asia and the Pacific.
  2. Biodiversity: Biodiversity, Importance of biodiversity, Bioecological zones of BD as defined by IUCN. Evolution of biodiversity, pattern of biodiversity, Global biodiversity. Classification of biodiversity, processes involved in biodiversity.
  3. Fossil fuel: Fossil fuel management in Bangladesh.
  4. Flood Action Plan (FAP):
  5. Hill tracts resource management:- Hill tracts soil conservation and management, Tea soil management soil management by rubber cultivation, water resource management in hill tracts.
  Recommended References
  1. Gupta, S. and M. Gupta. 1998. Natural Resource Management, Sarup & Sons, New Delhi
  2. Ahmed, Q. K., N. Ahmad and K.B.S. Rasheed. 1994. Resource, Environment and Development in Bangladesh, BUP, Dhaka
  3. Cicin, S. B and R. W. Knecht. 1998. Integrated coastal and ocean management: Concepts and Practices, Island Press, Washington, D.C.
  4. Dower, R. et al. 1997. Frontiers of sustainability, World Resources Institute, Island Press, Washington, D.C.
SS-5119
Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5119: Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring Section A
  1. Environmental impact assessment:- EIA, Methodology of EIA, Method of assessment, Importance of environmental parameter, procedure to prepare an EIA, structure of an IEE report, structure of EIA report, Detailed of IEE, Detailed of EIA, Classes of projects based on impact and location.
  2. Quality Standards:- Air quality standards, water quality standard (WHO, US, European), Textile industries, sugar industries, Noise quality, Motor vehicle exhaust of quality, waste discharge quality.
  3. National water policy:- N.W.P, objectives, River basin management, Management of water resource, water rights and allocation, water investment sanitation and water supply, water and agriculture, water and industry, water and fisheries and wildlife, water and navigation, water for hydropower and recreation, water for environment, water for haors, Baors, Beels, Economic and financial management, Research and information management, Institutional policy.
Section B
  1. Water: Drinking water use in various Europe and Asian countries. Global distribution of water, Ground water and environmental consequences, problem of using surface water, Advantage and disadvantage to use Ground water, water use in Bangladesh, water pollution, source and impact of water pollution, study of water quality.
  2. Industrial waste: - Industrial waste, sources of industrial waste, Types and impact of waste, ways of achieving cleaner production, factors determine the volume and conc. of waste, assimilative capacity of wastes in the environment.
  3. Environmental issues related to infrastructural development: Impact of Thana road projects, Impacts of Thana irrigation schemes. Impacts of Thana drainage and embankment projects.
  4. Environmental assessment requirements of the Bank:- Environmental categorization of projects, project preparation, loan fact, finding, EIA report for bank loan.
  5. Environmental management system:- Principles of EMS, Elements of EMS.
  Recommended References
  1. Glasson, J., Therivel, R. and A. Cgadwick. 1998. Introduction to EIA, UCL Press.
  2. Canter, L.W. 1996. Environmental Impact Assessment, McGraw-Hill Inc. USA
  3. Callan, S.J. and J.N. Thomas. 1996. Environmental Economics and Management, IRWIN, Boston
SS-5121
Application of GIS and Remote Sensing in Soil Management (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5121: Application of GIS and Remote sensing in soil science Section-A
  1. Fundamentals of Remote Sensing, Sensors, Platforms, Data used in Remote Sensing, Image Interpretation, Image Processing- Systems, Correction, Conversion,
  2. Classification, Interpretation of digital images; Distant and proximate remote sensing techniques (aerial photography, satellite imaging, radar, etc.), hardware, and platforms and their application in the characterization and management of soils and crops.
  3. Development of strategies for incorporating remote sensing into soil and agronomic research, and of practical skills for processing, analysis, display, and discussion of remote sensing data with applications in soil science and agriculture.
  4. Fundamentals of the global positioning system, geographic information systems, and site-specific management. Geospatially located soil sampling strategies will be addressed as well as appropriate interpolation methods for point-sampled data.
Section-B
  1. Applications of Remote Sensing,
  2. Digital images and/or Geographic Information System (GIS) in soil survey, soil map preparation, land evaluation, cropping pattern, erosion and sedimentation, soil degradation, crop suitability, soil pollution etc.
  Recommended References
  1. 1999. Remote Sensing. Japan Association of Remote Sensing
  2. Shunji Murai 1999. GIS Work Book, Japan Association of Surveyors (JAS)
  3. Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing (Mastering GIS: Technol, Applications & Mgmnt) by Victor Mesev (2008)
  4. Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing (Geographic Information Systems Workshop) by Andrew Skidmore (2002)
  5. Remote Sensing for GIS Managers by Stan Aronoff (2005)
  6. GIS Applications in Agriculture (GIS Applications in Agriculture Series) by Francis J. Pierce and David Clay (2007)
SS-5122
Application of GIS and Remote Sensing in Soil Management Sessional (Optional Course)
1.0  Credit
SS-5122: Application of GIS and Remote sensing in soil science sessional Applications of Remote Sensing, Digital images and/or Geographic Information System (GIS) in soil survey, soil map preparation, land evaluation, cropping pattern, erosion and sedimentation, soil degradation, crop suitability, soil pollution etc.
SS-5201
Applied Soil Chemistry (Core Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5201: Applied Soil Chemistry Section-A
  1. Kinetics and Mechanisms of soil chemical reactions;
  2. Sorption and desorption processes in soil;
  3. Abiotic catalysis;
  4. Redox chemistry of soil;
  5. The interaction of water with clay mineral surfaces (Solvation of clays and electrokinetic properties of clay water systems); Reactions of clays with organic substances;
  6. Chemical equilibria of macro nutrients, micronutrients, heavy metals and chelates;
  7. Application of chemical speciation models.
Section-B
  1. Organic matter dynamics in agricultural systems and wetlands;
  2. Eutrophication of lakes and wetlands;
  3. Nutrient budgeting;
  4. Salt affected and swelling soils; Organic pollutants in soils;
  5. Use of nuclear techniques in studies of soil plant relationships;
  6. Fertilizer act of Bangladesh; Reaction of fertilizers, Growth regulators and hormones in soil; Analysis of organic and inorganic fertilizers;
  7. Modern in situ surface chemical probes;
  8. Soil less cultivation systems.
  Recommended References
  1. Sumner, M.E. 2000. Handbook of Soil Science, CRC Press LLC, Florida
  2. Essington, M.E. 2003. Soil and Water Chemistry, CRC Press LLC, Florida
  3. Newman, A.C.D. 1987. Chemistry of Clays and Clay Minerals, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York
  4. Sposito, G. 1989. The Chemistry of Soils, Oxford University Press
SS-5202
Applied Soil Chemistry Sessional (Core Course)
1.5  Credit
SS-5202: Applied Soil Chemistry Sessional Adsorption and desorption reactions; Chemical characterization of polluted soils & wastes; Analysis of organic and inorganic fertilizers, Transformation of commonly used fertilizers under aerobic and submerged conditions
SS-5203
Soil Biotechnology (Core Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5203: Soil Biotechnology Section-A
  1. Concept of biotechnology; Application and potentiality;
  2. Fundamentals of tissue culture and Genetic engineering; Application of tissue culture and Genetic engineering in agriculture;
  3. Behavior of GM plants and microbes in the environment; Soil ecological effects of the use of GM plants and microbes
Section-B
  1. Micro-organisms in agricultural systems;
  2. Soil enzymes; extraction and characterization of soil enzymes;
  3. Microbial inoculation techniques;
  4. Biofertilizer preparation and application techniques; Factors affecting success of biofertlization;
  5. Treatment and Management of soil born microbial diseases; Control of soil biota; Mycorrhizal fungal inoculation;
  6. Allelopathy and plant growth regulators; Bio and phytoremediation of polluted soils or waste sites;
  7. Microbial interactions with xenobiotics and inorganic pollutants; Biodegradability: testing and monitoring;
  8. Use of microbes in energy generation.
  Recommended References
  1. Lynch, J.M. 1983. Soil Biotechnology. Blackwell Scientific publications, England.
  2. Killham, K. 1994. Soil Ecology. Cambridge University Press, London
  3. Basic Biotechnology by Colin Ratledge and Bjorn Kristiansen (2006)
  4. Biotechnology for Beginners by Reinhard Renneberg and Arnold L. Demain (2007)
  5. Agricultural Biotechnology (Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment) by Arie Altman (1997)
  6. Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation (Focus on Biotechnology) by S. Agathos and W. Reineke (2002)
  7. Transformation of Plants and Soil Microorganisms (Biotechnology Research) by Kan Wang, Alfredo Herrera-Estrella, and Marc van Montagu (2004)
  8. Plant Biotechnology and Transgenic Plants (Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment, 92) by Kirsi-Marja Oksman-Caldentey and Wolfgang H. Barz (2002)
  9. Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry, Second Edition by Eldor A. Paul and Francis E. Clark (1996)
  10. Applied Bioremediation and Phytoremediation (Soil Biology) by Ajay Singh and Owen P. Ward (2004)
  11. Microbial Biofilms (Biotechnology Research) by Hilary M. Lappin-Scott and J. William Costerton (2003)
  12. Environmental Biotechnology: Theory and Application by Gareth M. Evans and Judith C. Furlong (2002)
 
SS-5204
Soil Biotechnology Sessional (Core Course)
1.0  Credit
SS-5204: Soil Biotechnology Sessional Fundamental laboratory techniques for tissue culture; Biofertilizer preparation and microbial inoculation techniques; Extraction of soil enzymes; Mycorrhizal fungi identification and inoculation.
SS-5206
Project Work (Core Course)
6.0  Credit
SS-5207
Soil Climatology (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5207: Soil Climatology Section-A 1. The Earth’s atmosphere; Atmospheric properties and processes; 2. General circulation of atmosphere; 3. Condensation and cloud; Precipitation; Storms; Run-off 4. Atmospheric temperature; Evapo-transpiration; humidity 5. Oceans and oceanic currents; 6. Weather forecasting. 7. Global climate and climate change 8. Climate of Bangladesh and South East Asia Section-B 1. Soil climates; Agro-climatic regions; Soil climate regimes 2. Soil Moisture and temperature regimes 3. Annual soil water Balance; Runoff from soil 4. Potential and Actual Evapo-transpiration; Agricultural Drought 5. Wetland climatology 6. Soil climate monitoring and forecasting 7. Climate report for soil survey and experiments 8. Application of climate data for irrigation and water management; soil and water salinity monitoring; 9. Consequences of climate change on soil; Analysis of paleoclimate through paleopedology 10. Global soil climate networks and use of modern technologies   Recommended References 1. Ahrens, C. D. 1998. Essentials of Meteorology: An Invention to the Atmosphere. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 2. Climatology: An Atmospheric Science (2nd Edition) by John E. Oliver and John J. Hidore 2001 3. Contemporary Climatology (2nd Edition) by Peter Robinson and Ann Henderson-Sellers (1999) 4. Ecological Climatology by Gordon Bonan [2008] 5. Tropical Climatology: An Introduction to the Climates of the Low Latitudes, 2nd Edition by Glenn R. McGregor and Simon Nieuwolt (1998) 6. General Climatology by Howard J. Critchfield (1998) 7. Antarctic Meteorology and Climatology (Cambridge)
SS-5209
Soil and Land Quality Management (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5209: Soil and Land Quality Management Section-A
  1. Defining soil quality and health; Indicators of soil quality; Assessment of soil quality; soil quality indices; Soil conditioning index (SCI); Tilth index; Productivity index;
  2. Management of soil quality;
  3. Urban soils and its management; Spatial and temporal variability of soil quality;
  4. Precision agriculture: Overview of technology available for implementation of a comprehensive precision agriculture program. Topics include computers, GPS, sensors, mechanized soil sampling, variable rate control system, yield monitors, and post harvest processing controls. Applications of precision agriculture in crop planning, tillage, planting, chemical applications, harvesting and post harvest processing.
Section-B
  1. Land evaluation; Indicators of land evaluation; Framework for land evaluation;
  2. Assessment of sustainable Land management; Land Husbandry;
  3. Basics of cartography; Preparation of land evaluation map; Land Zoning; Soil erosion sedimentation and degradation; Mapping       Soil erosion sedimentation and degradation with special reference to soils of Bangladesh;
  4. Nutrient mining;
  5. Soil conservation techniques in Tropical countries; Research techniques in erosion sedimentation, degradation and conservation;
  6. Integrated coastal soil management
  Recommended References
  1. Doran, J. W., D. C. Coleman, D. F. Bezdicek and B. A. Stewart.1994. Defining soil quality for a sustainable environment. SSSA special pub. No. 35, ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. pp: 3-21.
  2. Betty Joubert. 2001. Guidelines for   Soil Quality Assessment in Conservation Planning, USDA & NRCS.
  3. Guidelines for   Soil Quality Assessment in Conservation Planning. 1993. By Committee on Long-Range Soil and Water Conservation, Board on Agriculture, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington
  4. FAO, 1997. Land Quality Indicators and Their Use in Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development, FAO, Rome
  5. FAO, 1976. A framework for land evaluation, FAO, Rome
SS-5211
Geochemistry and Advanced Pedology (Optional Course)
3.0  Credit
SS-5211: Geochemistry and Advanced Pedology Section-A
  1. Fundamental concept of thermodynamics; First and second laws of thermodynamics; Gibb’s Free energy concept;
  2. Stability diagram and its interpretation; Phase rule; Ternary diagrams;
  3. Formation of primary and secondary minerals;
  4. Weathering of primary and secondary minerals in soil environment;
  5. Application of thermodynamics in studying mineral weathering
Section-B
  1. Chemistry of profile development of organic and mineral soils with particular reference to soils of Bangladesh;
  2. Identification and Description of Hydric soils;
  3. Tropical soils: Forest soils; Organic soils; characteristics and management; Pedogenic models; Identification of secondary minerals;
  4. Micromorphology of soils;
  5. Pedometrics; Geo-microbiology;
  6. Geochemical equilibrium modeling
  Recommended References
  1. Sumner, M.E. 2000. Handbook of Soil Science, CRC Press LLC, Florida
  2. Faure, G. 1992. Principles and applications of inorganic geochemistry. Macmillan Publishing Company Ltd. New York.
  3. Fitzpatrick, E.A. 1984. Micromorphology of soils. Chapman and Hall. London.
  4. Borchardt, G. 1989. Smectites In: J.B. Dixon and S.B. Weed (eds.) Minerals In Soil Environments. ASA, Madison, WI, USA. pp: 675-727.
   
SS-5212
Geochemistry and Advanced Pedology Sessional (Optional Course)
1.5  Credit
SS-5212: Geochemistry and Advanced Pedology Sessional Weathering stability soil minerals; Laboratory determination of fiber and decomposition state of organic soils; Micromorphological techniques; Description of soils of Madhupur, Barind and Hill tracts.
PhD Degree Programme in Soil Science
  Credit