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Introduction to Forestry and Forest Environment
Section - A
Introduction to Forestry: Definition, scope, objectives and importance of forestry with particular reference to Bangladesh.
Ecological and legal classification of the forests of Bangladesh. Location distribution and species composition of the different forest types. Social problems related to forest management like encroachment, shifting cultivation, illicit cutting, etc.
Tangible and intangible benefits of forest.
Introduction to major forestry areas: silviculture, forest protection, forest mensuration, tree improvement, social forestry, forest harvesting, utilization,
Functions and administrative set up of Bangladesh Forest Department (FD), Bangladesh Forest Research Institute (BFRI), Bangladesh Forest Industries Development Corporation (BFIDC), Bangladesh Chemical Industries Corporation (BCIC).
Section - B
Introduction to Environmental Science: Definition, scope, objectives and importance of Environmental Science.
An introduction to atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere.
A brief introduction to environmental pollution.
Major environmental issues in Bangladesh and their influence on our forests and the vice-versa.
Functions and administrative set up of the Department of Environment of Bangladesh.
Introduction to Forestry and Forest Environment Sessional/Field Work
The course include orientation tours to different environmentally important areas including forest areas of Sundarbans, road side plantations, agroforestry and block plantations, related institutions and industries to acquaint students with different environmental and forestry activities, and preparation of reports.
Course Contents:Section - A
Introduction to Forest Botany: Importance of taxonomy, ecology, genetics, pathology, breeding, physiology and horticulture in forestry.
Reproductive Biology in Higher Plants: Pollination-Definition, types and agents with special reference to important mangrove and plain land forest species of Bangladesh.
Fertilization: Process and development of embryos and endosperms, dispersal of fruits and seeds with special emphasis on important forest species.
Phytogeography: Salient features of hydrophytes, xerophytes, halophytes and mesophytes and their adaptations.
Section - B
Anatomy: Tissue and tissue system, secondary growth in dicots and growth in monocots.
Cytology: Structure & functions of cell organelles, significance of mitotic and meiotic cell division with special reference to forestry.
Genetics and Plant Breeding: Mendel's laws of inheritance, Linkage and crossing-over, gene-mutation, Polyploidies and their economic importance; objective and principles of plant breeding.
Forest Botany Sessional
Study of the internal structures of stem, root and leaf of dicot and monocot plants / trees.
Field trip for collection and identification of fruits and seeds of important forest tree species study of natural diversity and submission of reports.
Course Content:Section - A
General study: Classification and morphology of Arthropods, Molluscs, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia.
Taxonomy: Definition, hierarchy of classification and taxonomic categories; procedure of taxonomic works; taxonomic keys.
Physiology: Origin, functions and deficiency symptoms of different kinds of vitamins and hormones.
Section - B
Evolution: Speciation and evolution of elephant, tiger, monkey and deer.
Animal Behaviour: Definition, types, instinct and reproductive behaviour (of three spined stickle back and gulls). Food and feeding habit of deer, elephant, wildboar, porcupine, rat and birds.
Ecology: Types and principles of ecology, fresh water, marine and terrestrial ecology.
Study of museum specimens of Crustaceans, Molluscs and Echinoderms, Pisces, Amphibian, Reptilia and Mammalia.
Study of skeletal system of Amphibian, Reptilia and Mammalia.
Collection and preservation of animals from different groups.
Course Content:Section - A
Volumetric analysis: Requirement of volumetric analysis; Acidemetry and alkalimetry; Standard solution; Classification of the methods of volumetric analysis; Types of titration; Theory of neutralization reaction; Heat of reaction, formation, combustion and neutralization. Ionization of acids, bases and salts; Ionization of strong and weak electrolytes; Theory of buffer solution, concept of pH.
Solution: Different units of concentration; Factors influencing the solubility of a substance; Mechanism of dissolution; Liquefaction of gases; Properties of dilute solution; lowering of vapour pressure; Depression of freezing point; Elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure.
Colloids: Colloids and crystalloid; Classification of colloids; General methods of preparation of colloidal solution; properties of colloids; coagulation, peptization and electrophoresis.
Section - B
Atomic structure: Modern concept of the structure of atom; Rutherford’s atom model; Bohr's atomic model; Quantum number; Pauli exclusion principle; Isotopes, Isobars and Isotopes; Electronic configuration of elements.
Oxidation Reduction: Definition; modern concept, Writing of equations involving oxidation reduction reactions; Oxidation-reduction potentials; Concept of redox indicators.
Chemical Kinetics: First and second order reactions and their simple treatment; Determination of the order of reactions; Outline of Arrhenius and Collision theory.
Survey of organic functional groups: Reactions with special reference to functional groups; Properties and important uses of aliphatic hydrocarbon; Halogen derivatives of aliphatic hydrocarbon; Alcohol; Aldehyde and ketones; Carboxylic acids and amines; modern concepts of the structure of benzene and glucose.
Preparation of solutions and volumetric analysis.
Oxidation, reduction and titrations involving:
a) Preparation and standardization of N/10 KMnO4 solution with sodium oxalate solution;
b) Determination of ferrous iron with standard KMnO4
Preparation of Standard N/10 K2 Cr2. O7 solution and standardization to Na2 S2 O3.
Motion in one and two-dimensions: Frames of reference; particle kinetics, displacement, velocity, acceleration; projectile motion; uniform motion.
Work and Energy: Work done by a constant force; power; kinetic and potential energies; conservation of momentum and energy.
Oscillations: The simple harmonic oscillator; its amplitude, frequency, time period and energy.
Gravitation: Newton's law of universal gravitation; universal gravitational constant; acceleration due to gravity 'g'; gravitational effect of spherical distribution of matter; motion of planets and satellites; energy in a gravitational field.
Properties of matter: Elasticity; stress and strain; Hook's law; longitudinal, shear and bulk moduli; elastic and plastic substances. Surface Tension: Rise of liquid in a capillary tube; angle of contact; temperature and surface tension. Fluids: Fluid pressure; hydrostatic equation; viscous fluid; Poiseulle's equation.
Section - B
Heat and thermodynamics: Specific heat: Newton's law of cooling, conduction, convection, and radiation of heat; mechanical equivalent of heat; first law of thermodynamics; thermodynamic processes.