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MS
FMRT MS Courses
fmrt-1231  Credit

Khulna University

Fisheries and Marine Resource Technology Discipline

Course curriculum for the Degree of Master of Science in Aquaculture

First Year, First Term

Course No.       Course Ttile                                                                  Credit Hours

AQUA 5101       Advanced Freshwater Aquaculture                                  3.0

AQUA 5103       Fish Feed and Nutrition                                                  3.0

AQUA 5105       Brood Management and Breeding Technique                    3.0

Optional

 

Course No.       Course Ttile                                                                  Credit Hours

AQUA 5107       Live Food Culture                                                          3.0

AQUA 5109       Integrated Aquaculture                                                   3.0

AQUA 5111       Fish Hatchery and Farm Design                                      3.0

Seminar                                                                                                Credit Hours

AQUA 5102       Seminar-I                                                                      1.0

 

First Year, Second Term

 

Course No.       Course Ttile                                                                  Credit Hours

AQUA 5201       Coastal Aquaculture and Mariculture                               3.0

AQUA 5203       Aquatic Health Management                                            3.0

AQUA 5205       Aquaculture and Environment                                         3.0

Optional

 

Course No.       Course Title                                                                  Credit Hours

AQUA 5207       Organic Aquaculture                                                       3.0

AQUA 5209       Fish Statistics                                                               3.0

AQUA 5211       Livelihoods in Aquaculture                                              3.0

Seminar                                                                                                Credit Hours

AQUA 5202       Seminar-II                                                                     1.0

 

Second Year, First Term                                                                      Credit Hours

AQUA 6102       Seminar-III                                                                    1.0

AQUA 6104       Thesis                                                                          12.0

 

 

 

AQUA 5101      Advanced Freshwater Aquaculture

Credit Hours: 3

Section A

 

Module 1:             Concepts of freshwater aquaculture, recent advance in aquaculture;

                potentiality of freshwater aquaculture in Bangladesh.

Module 2:             Culture of Indian major carps: species selection; pond preparation; stocking; feed and feeding; health care; harvesting.

Module 3:             Culture of exotic fishes: a) Chinese carps; b) Tilapia; c) Thai-pangus; d) Thai-koi; e) Thai sorputi.

Module 4:             Culture of native catfishes fishes: Magur, shing, pabda, etc.

Module 5:             Culture of small indigenous species: candidate species, stocking, feeding management, harvesting.

Section B

Module 6:             Culture of other aquatic species: frog, snail, snake, crocodiles etc.

Module 7:             Eel farming

Module 8:             Culture of ornamental fishes.

 

Module 9:             Open water freshwater fish culture: cage, pen, floating ponds, community

                based aquaculture

Module 10:          Urban and peri-urban aquaculture

Module 11:           Marketing and economics of freshwater fish farm

Recommended References

Pillay, T.V.R. 1990. AQUACULTURE: Principles and Practices. Fishing News Books.

Jhingran, V.G. 1977. Fish and fisheries of India. Hindustan Publishing Corp. Delhi.

Barnabe, G. 1990. Aquaculture Vol. 2. Ellis Horwood Limited, England. 506 pp.

Landau, M. 1991. Introduction to aquaculture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Canada. 440 pp.

Muir, J.F. and Roberts, R.J. (eds.). 1982. Recent advances in aquaculture, Vol. I, II, III, and IV. Croon Heln. London.

Edwards, P., Little, D.C. and Demain, H. (eds.). 2002. Rural Aquaculture. CABI Publishing, U.K.

 

 

AQUA 5103      Fish Feed and Nutrition          

Credit Hours: 3

Section A

 

Module 1              Nutritional requirement of farmed fin fishes: broodstock nutrition, larval nutrition, on-grown fishes; factors affecting nutritional requirements.

Module 2              Nutritional requirement of shell fishes: Broodstock and maturation diets, larval nutrition, grow out.

Module 3              Digestibility and absorption: Digestive enzymes and their role; digestibility determination; factors affecting digestibility; digestibility in fin fishes and shell fishes.

Module 4              Nutritional energetic: bioenergetics; energy budget equation; energy requirements of various commercially important fin fishes and shellfishes.

Module 5              Live food: nutritive value and their role in aquaculture.

Module 6              Artificial feed: types of feed, importance and usage in aquaculture.

Section B

Module 7              Feeding management: feeding ration, rate and frequency; feeding dispensing methods and devices; restricted feeding and compensatory feeding; feed dispensing method and devices.

Module 8              Feed formulation: General principles; different steps of feed formulation; methods of feed formulation- pearson’s method and linear programming.

Module 9              Feed ingredients: Classification- conventional and unconventional feed ingredients; protein and energy sources; evaluation of ingredient quality- proximate composition and anti-nutritional factors.

Module 10            Feed additives: Classification; function; and specific use for economic and quality fish and shellfish production.

Module 11            Feed processing and storage: Methods; effect on nutritional quality and utilization.

Module 12            Feed economics and evaluation criteria: FCR, PER, NPU, EAAI, Chemical score, biological value; Aqua feed industries in Bangladesh. 

 

Recommended References

Silva, S S. D. and Anderson, T.A. 1995. Fish nutrition in aquaculture.

Halvor, J.E. (ed.). 1989. Fish nutrition. 2nd edition, Academic Press, Inc. California. 788 pp.

Hepher, B. 1988. Nutrition of pond fishes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. 38 pp.

Tytler, P. and Calow, P. (eds.). 1985. Fish Energetic New Perspectives. Croom Helm. London.

Nutrient requirements of warm water fishes and shellfishes.National Academy Preset, Washington D.C. 102 pp.

New, M.B. 1987. Food and feeding of fish and shrimps. ACDP/REP/87: 26, UNDP/FAO, Rome, 275 pp.

Tacon, A.G.J. 1993. Standard methods for the nutrition and feeding of farmed fish and shrimp. Vol. 1, the essential nutrients, 117 pp; Vol. II, Nutrient sources and compositions, 129 pp; Vol III, Feeding methods, 208 pp. Argent Denier Attires Press, Red Mooned, Washington.

 

 

AQUA 5105      Brood Management and Breeding Technique

Credit Hours: 3

 

Section-A

Module-1              Brood management of Indian major carps (Rohu, Catla, Mrigal, Calbasu etc.) and Chinese carps (Silver carp, bighead carp, common carp, black carp, grass carp etc.): Brood pond preparation; water parameters of brood pond; sources and selection of brood, breeding seasonality; feed and feeding; health care; brood capture and transportation.

Module-2              Breeding Technique of Indian major carps and Chinese carps: Introduction about natural breeding; selection of mature/ripe fish; identification of male and female brood; conditiong of brood; collection of PG hormone; application and doses of different hormones in fish breeding; preparation of hormone solution; hormone injection; procedure of artificial spawning.

       

Module-3              Incubation Techniques: Types of incubators/tanks; hatching and care of hatchlings; larvae/seed packaging and transportation.

Module-4              Larval rearing and management: Tanks/pond preparation; stocking practices; feed and feeding; water quality management; harvesting and transportation.

Module-5              Brood management of cat fishes (Pangus, magur, shing, pabda, boal, tengra etc.): Brood pond preparation; water parameters of brood pond; sources and selection of brood, breeding seasonality; feed and feeding; health care; brood capture and transportation.

Module-6              Breeding Technique of cat fishes: Introduction about natural breeding; selection of mature/ripe fish; identification of male and female brood; conditiong of brood; collection of PG hormone; application and doses of different hormones in fish breeding; preparation of hormone solution; hormone injection; procedure of artificial spawning.

Module-7              Incubation Techniques: Types of incubators/tanks; hatching and care of hatchlings; larvae/seed packaging and transportation.

Module-8              Larval rearing and management: Tanks/pond preparation; stocking practices; feed and feeding; water quality management; harvesting and transportation.

Section-B

Module-9              Brood management of other fishes (Chitol, foli, snake head, sorputi etc.): Brood pond preparation; water parameters of brood pond; sources and selection of brood, breeding seasonality; feed and feeding; health care; brood capture and transportation.

Module-10           Breeding Technique of other fishes: Introduction about natural breeding; selection of mature/ripe fish; identification of male and female brood; conditioning of brood; collection of PG hormone; application and doses of different hormones in fish breeding; preparation of hormone solution; hormone injection; procedure of artificial spawning.

Module-11           Incubation Techniques: Types of incubators/tanks; hatching and care of hatchlings; larvae/seed packaging and transportation.

Module-12           Larval rearing and management: Tanks/pond preparation; stocking practices; feed and feeding; water quality management; harvesting and transportation.

Module-13           Brood management, breeding and larval rearing of coastal/ marine fin fishes: Sea-bass, mullet, and marine cat fishes etc.

Module-14           Brood management, breeding and larval rearing of crustaceans (shrimps, prawns, crabs etc.)

Module-15           Brood management, breeding and seed rearing of mollusks (mussel, oyster, snail, clam, abalone etc.)

Recommended References

 

Bromage, N.R. and Roberts, R.J. (eds.). 1995. Broodstock Management and Egg and Larval Quality. Blackwell Science Ltd.

Huet, M. 1994. Text Book of Fish Culture : Breeding and Cultivation of Fish. 2nd Edition, Fishing News Books.

Li, S. and Mathias, J. (eds.). 1994. Freshwater Fish Culture in China: principles and practice. Elsevier Sciences B.V. The Netherlands.

Pillay, T.V.R. 1990. AQUACULTURE: Principles and Practices. Fishing News Books.

Meske, C. 1985. FISH AQUACULTURE: Technology and Experiments. F. Vogt (ed.), Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K.

Price, C.R. 1989. A guide to carp culture in Bangladesh. Institute of Aquaculture Publications, University of Stirling, Scotland.

Kungvankij, P., Tior, L.B. Jr., Pudadera, B.J. Jr., Potestas, I.O., Corre, K.G., Borlongan, E., Talean, G.A., Bustilo, L.F., Tech, E.T., Unggui, A. and Chua, T.E. 1989. Shrimp Hatchery Design, Operation and Management. Aquaculture Extension Manual No. 14. Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center. Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia, Thailand.

Chowdhury, R., Bhattacharjee, H. and Angell, C. 1993. A MAnual for Operating a Small-scale Recirculation Freshwater Prawn Hatchery. Bay of Bengal Program, India.

New, M. and Singholka, S. 1985. Freshwater Prawn Farming: a manual for the culture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, 225 Revision 1 FIRI/T225, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

 

 AQUA 5107      Live Food Culture

Credit Hours: 3

 

Section A

 

Module-1              Types of live food used in aquaculture; Scope and importance of live food in aquaculture.

Module-2              micro-algae: types; physical & chemical condition; growth dynamics; isolation and maintaining of cultures; contamination & treatment.

Module-3              Culture techniques of micro-algae: batch, continuous & semi-continuous culture; production in outdoor ponds; quantifying algal biomass.

Module-4              Harvesting & preserving micro-algae; production cost; nutrition value of micro-algae; replacement diets for live algae.

Module-5              Rotifers: bio-ecological features; general culture condition- marine & freshwater rotifers; culture procedures; harvesting.

Module-6              Nutrition value of cultured rotifers- enrichment techniques; production & use of resting eggs.

Section B

 

Module-7              Artemia: bio-ecological features; artemia cyst, disinfection, decapsulation & hatching; use of cyst; use of nauplii- harvesting, storage, nutritional quality & enrichment.

Module-8              Tank production & use of ongrown artemia: nutritional properties; advantages of tank production; culture- physico-chemical condition, infrastructure, feeding, techniques, enrichment, control of infections, harvesting, processing & production cost. 

Module-9              Pond production of artemia: site selection; pond adaptation; pond preparation, inoculation; monitoring & managing; harvesting & processing.

Module-10           Copepods: wild collection; biometrics; nutritional quality; culture techniques; mesocosm system.

Module-11           Daphnia and Moina: bio-ecological features; feeding, nutrition & nutritional value; mass culture; uses.

Module-12           Culture of nematodes, earthworms etc.

 

Recommended References

 

Imai, T. 1977. Aquaculture in shallow seas: progress in shallow sea culture. Amerind Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. PP. 1-615.

Shephard, C. J. and Bromage, N.R. (eds.). 1992. Intensive fish farming. Blackwell Science Ltd., pp. 1-404.  

Barnabe, G. 1990. Aquaculture Vol. 1 Ellis Horwood Limited, England.

Kar, D. 2007. Fundamentals of limnology and aquaculture biotechnology. Day Publishing House, Delhi, pp. 1-608.

Gerking, S.D. 1994. Feeding ecology of fish. Academic Press, Inc., pp. 1-415.

Zheng Zhong et al. 1984. Marine Planktology. China Ocean Press, Beijing, pp. 1-454.

Davis, C. C. 1955. The marine and freshwater plankton. Michigan State University Press, pp. 1-562.

Lavens, P. and  Sorgeloos, P. (eds.). 1996. Manual on the production and use of live food for aquaculture. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper-361, FAO, Rome.

AQUA 5201      Coastal Aquaculture and Mariculture

Credit Hours: 3

Section A

Module 1              Concepts of coastal and marine aquaculture; recent trends over the world; candidate species; potential of mariculture in Bangladesh.

Module 2              Culture of Penaeus monodon: Production cycle; Nursery; on-growing techniques: extensive, semi-intensive, intensive, super-intensive; feeding management; Harvesting.  

Module 3              Culture of marine fin-fishes: Sea-bass, mullet, milk fish, Mystus gulio, flat fish, yellow tail fish etc.

Module 4              Culture of crab, lobsters, cray fish, sea-turtle etc.

Section B

Module 5              Culture of molluscs: mussel, edible and pearl oyster, clams, scallops,,  abalone, kurtle fish etc.

Module 6              Sea-weed farming

Module 7              Culture of miscellaneous organisms: sea cucumber, sea urchin, etc.

Module 8              Pearl culture

Recommended References

Pillay, T.V.R. 1990. AQUACULTURE: Principles and Practices. Fishing News Books.

Landau, M. 1991. Introduction to aquaculture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Canada. 440 pp.

Muir, J.F. and Roberts, R.J. (eds.). 1982. Recent advances in aquaculture, Vol. I, II, III, and IV. Croon Heln. London.

Novey, J. and Moore, J. 1983. CRC hand book of mariculture, Vol. 1. Crustacean Aquaculture.

Barnabe, G. 1990. Aquaculture Vol. 1 Ellis Horwood Limited, England.

Lee, D.O’C. and Wickins, J. F. 192. Crustacean Farming. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.

Imai, T. (ed.). 1987. Aquaculture in shallow Seas: progress is shallow sea culture. A.A.Balkema/Rotterdam.

AQUA 5203      Aquatic Health Management

Credit Hours: 3

 

Section A

Module 1              Management techniques of healthy fish and shellfish, Problems and constrains of fish health management and there mitigation measures.

Module 2              Microbes in aquaculture: Host interaction, infection and disease. Role of microbes in aquatic productivity and susceptibility to diseases.

Module 3              Disease problems in aquaculture – World scenario with the emphasis on Bangladesh.

Module 4              Management of bottom soil for improving of water quality and pond productivity. Bottom soil, oxidation reduction at soil water interface, fertility, liming. Management of pond bottom after harvest.

Section B

Module 5              Prevention and control of microbes in aquaculture: General considerations in Microbial prevention and control, methods of microbial control,  Drugs, Microbes and host mechanism of drug action. The rise of drug resistance. Considerations in selecting and antimicrobial drugs.

Module 6              Aquatic heal management through immunostimulant, vaccination for sustainable aquaculture practice. Advances in vaccine developed as a tool of good health management technique.

Module 7              Monitoring and clinical examination of microbes from healthy and diseased fish, Isolation and identification  (histology, serology, and advances in molecular technology) for fish disease diagnosis.

Recommended References

Anderson, D. P. (1981) Fish immunology, TFH. Publication (fourth series of diseases of fishes)

Bancroft, J. D. and Stevens. A. (1990) Theory and practice of histology techniques (3rd edition). Churchill living stone. Edinburgh. UK.

Bullock, G. L. (1980) The Identification of fish pathogenic bacteria, Bureau of sport fisheries and wildlife, U. S. A.

Bullock, G. L. Conroy D. A. and Snieszko S. F. (1980) Diseases of fishes. Edited by S. E. Snieszo and Herbert R. Axelvod. Book 2a Bacterial diseases of fishes TFH. publication.

AQUA 5205      Aquaculture and Environment            

Credit Hours: 3

Section A

Module 1              Overview on environmental sustainability in Aquaculture; Indicators for Sustainable Aquaculture;

Module 2              Environmental conditions affecting aquaculture production- water quality, hydrodynamics, holding capacity.

Module 3              Aquaculture operation and environmental impacts- aesthetic, water column effects, sedimentary effects, aquatic weeds, effects on wild and native population, disease spread.

Module 4              Sustainable aquaculture practice: native and exotic species, Sustainable feeds and feeding, clean production, Responsible health management; organic fish and shrimp culture.

Section B

Module 5              Best environmental practice: International legislation; EU legislation; national legislation –Bangladesh.

Module 6              Environmental impact assessment (EIA): Guidelines and protocols- Modelling, GIS and related tools, Strategic EIA.

Module 7              Issues of environmental Monitoring and Aquaculture: Challenges for monitoring and regulation, Interest groups and project/production cycles; General requirements of a monitoring survey; Regulation and enforcement of monitoring programmes.

Module 8              Methods used in the environmental monitoring of aquaculture: Hydrographic analyses and other assessments, chemical analyses, benthic faunal analyses.

Recommended References

Pillay, T.V.R. 2004. Aquaculture and the environment. Blackwell Publishing.

Makinen, T. (ed.). 1991. Marine aquaculture and environment. NORAD.

Odum, Fundamnetal of Ecology. New Delhi.

Boyd, C.E. 1995. Bottom soils, sediments and pond aquaculture. Chapman & Hall, New York.

Jana, B.B. and Webster, C.D. (eds.). 2005. Sustainable aquaculture: global perspectives. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi and Food products press, New York.

Raizada, S., Srivastava, P.P. and Landge, A.T. (eds.). 2001. Summer school on Environmental impact assessment and management of coastal zone: an integrated approach. Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai.    

AQUA 5207      Organic Aquaculture

Credit Hours: 3

Section A

Module 1              Definitions & concepts; development of organic aquaculture; resource use efficiency.       

Module 2              Current issues and future prospects of organic aquaculture.

Module 3              Organic aquaculture: HACCP & Traceability  

Module 4              Case studies: Organic aquaculture practices around the world

Section B

Module 5              Organic aquaculture & environment- i.e. abiotic resources, biodiversity, climate change. 

Module 6              International principles of organic aquaculture. 

Module 7              Organic aquaculture certifications around the world.

Recommended References

Aarset, B., Beckmann, S., Bigne, J., Beveridge, M., Bjorndal, T., Bunting, M.J., McDonagh, P., Mariojouls, C., Muir, J.F., Prothero, A., Smith, A.P., Tveteras, R. & Young, J.A. 2000. Organic salmon: perceptions of consumer and interest groups p2. In R. Flos & Creswell (compilers) Responsible Aquaculture in the New Millennium. Abstracts of contributions presented at the International Conference AQUA 2000 held in Nice (France), 2-6 May 2000. European Aquaculture Society Special Publication No.2, Oostend, Belgium.

AFFA (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia). 2001. Draft national standard for organic and biodynamic produce (available at www.affa.gov.au/corporate_docs/publications/pdf/quarantine/anprog/ National_Standard_1st_draft_3rd_Edition_Sept_2001.pdf).

Alonso Villalón, N. 2002. First Spanish aquaculture certification includes sturgeon. The Organic Standard 12: 14-15.

Brister, D.J. & Kapuscinski, A. 2001a. Global rise of aquaculture: A trigger for organic and eco-labelling standards for aquatic animals. The Organic Standard 3: 7-11.

FAO/NACA/UNEP/WB/WWF. 2006. International Principles for Responsible Shrimp Farming. Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacifi c (NACA). Shrimp Farming. Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacifi c (NACA).

Bangkok, Thailand. 20 pp.

AQUA 5209      Fish Statistics 

Credit Hours: 3

Section A

Module 1              Brief outline of descriptive statistics: graphs; tables; measures of location; measures of variability;

Module 2              Probability and distribution:  generation and its application in fisheries; population and sample distribution- binomial, poisson, normal.  

Module 3              Hypothesis testing: differences in mean, variances, proportions;

Module 4              Chi-square analysis; analysis of variance (ANOVA); analysis of covariance (ANCOVA);

Section B

Module 5              Sampling and simulation: sampling techniques; good sample design & different types.  

Module 6              Categorical data analysis & non-parametric test.

Module 7              Correlation and regression: single & multiple analysis; coefficient; significance.

Module 8              Research design: meaning & need of research design; different research designs.

Recommended References

Wonnacott, T.H. and Wonnacott, R. J. 1935. Introductory statistics (5th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 1-711.

Ali, M.A. Theory of statistics. Vol. 2. Dhaka Book Mart, Dhaka.

Milton, S.J.; McTeer, P.M. and Corbet, J.J. 1977. Introduction to statistics. WCB/McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Jayaraman, K. 1999. A statistical manual for forestry research. FAO, Bangkok.

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Course curriculum for the Degree of Master of Science in Aquatic Resource Management

 

First Term

 

Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
     
Core    
ARM 5101 Aquatic Resource Potentials 3.0
ARM 5103 Applied Fish Population Dynamics 3.0
ARM 5105 Inland Fisheries Management 3.0
     
Optional    
ARM 5107 Water Pollution and Biomonitoring 3.0
ARM 5109 Stock Enhancement Techniques 3.0
     
ARM 5102 Seminar 1 1.0

Optional

Second Term

Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
     
Core    
ARM 5201 Integrated Coastal Zone Management 3.0
ARM 5203 Fisheries Conservation and Alternative Options 3.0
ARM 5205 Applied Limnology and Ecosystem Dynamics 3.0
     
Optional    
ARM 5207 Climate Change & Aquaculture 3.0
ARM 5209 Fisheries Legislations and Compliance 3.0
ARM 5211 Fisheries Projects and Data Management 3.0
     
ARM 5202 Seminar 2 1.0

 

 

Second Year, First Term                                                                      Credit Hours

ARM 6102       Seminar-III                                                                    1.0

ARM 6104       Thesis                                                                         12.0

 

 

 First Term

 

ARM 5101 : Aquatic Resource Potentials

Section A

Living and Non-living Resources of the World including Bangladesh: Aquatic plants including Bacteria, Fungi, micro and macro algae, angiosperms. Aquatic animals including micro and macro zooplankton, crustaceans, nematodes, molluscs, fish, reptiles, amphibians, mammals. Non-living resources – water, sediments, minerals, oil and gas and radio isotopes.

 

Section B

Environmental impacts on Aquatic Resources: Environmental degradation, impact of pollutants, impact of anthropogenic activities, control.

Development of relevant industries and technology: Aquatic resource exploration and exploitation, Endangered living resources and their conservation.

Bibliographic References:

“Industrial Utilization of Marine Non-living Resources” by United Nations

1993, UNIDO, 11T, Madras, India.

“Distribution and important biological features of coastal fish resources in Southeast Asia” by FAO

1986, FTP No. 278

Website: http://www.fishbase.org

ARM 5103 : Applied Fish Population Dynamics

Section A

Distribution and Abundance: Distribution – the unit stock; Absolute and relative abundance; Estimation of Abundance – Partial Count Method, Stratified Sampling Method, Swept Area method, Mark-recapture Method, Depletion Method, Underwater visual census method, Acoustic method, Egg production method.

Stock Assessment: Overview and background; Population survey methods; Interpreting the trends of populations from previous records; Size-based methods; Age  determination for stock assessment; sampling methods for stock assessment; Time series analysis to population and its application, Empirical methods and models for multispecies stock assessment.

 

Size Relationship: Linear regression; Length-weight relationships; Condition factors; Estimation of population sizes; Estimation of past population sizes using virtual population analysis and cohort analysis

Selectivity of Fishing Gear: Covered codend experiments; Alternate haul experiments.

Growth: Von Bertalanffy growth equation; Length-frequency distribution and analysis; One Sample Ford-Walford Plots; Multiple Samples von Bertalanffy Plots; Graphical and Computer-based analyses of growth; Mark-recapture data; Hard part analysis; Non-linear methods of fitting growth curves.

Section B

 

Reproduction and Recruitment: Introduction and Definitions; Timing of Reproduction; Length at sexual maturity; Timing of recruitment; Length at recruitment; Stock-recruitment relationship.

Mortality and Life History Patterns: Introduction and Definitions; Estimation of Mortality.

Yield: Concepts of Maximum sustainable yield and Maximum economic yield; Surplus yield models; yield per recruit models; biomass models; Simulation models; Potential yield analyses.

Fish Migration and Bypass: Migratory behaviour of fish; Factors affecting fish migration; Fish passage facilities; Identifying migration; Interruption of continuum by barriers and its consequences; River engineering and its impact on fish population; Upstream and downstream passage – technology, provision and damage assessment; Designing nature-like bypass.

Problems of Population Dynamics and Contemporary Fishery Management: Introduction; Problems of Managers; Performance of Population Dynamics; Future Developments.

Bibliographic References:

“Fish Migration and Fish Bypass” by Mathias Jungwirth

1998, Fishing News Books. SL-787

“Stock Assessment” by Vincent F. Gallucci

1996, Lewis Publishers, London. SL-806

“Stock Assessment in Inland Fisheries” by I.G. Cowx

1996, Fishing News Books. SL-793

“Fish Population Dynamics” by J.A. Gulland

1977, John Wiley and Sons. SL-834

 ARM 5105 : Inland Fisheries Management

Section A

 

Fisheries Assessment and Monitoring: Data requirements; Data Collection; Data Analysis and Stock Assessment; Financial Analyses; Fisheries Monitoring

Institutional, legal and policy framework: Institutions; their activities and regulations; organization behaviour and administration; Govt. policy

Policy formulation and implementation: Techniques and conditions for policy formulation; strategic actions for implementation

Development management: Water body characterization and SWOT analysis; Development planning and execution; Conflict resolution

Section B

Management of Capture Fishery: Types of inland open water reservoirs; Resource status and management practices in rivers, estuaries, lakes, haors, baors, beels, floodplains etc.

Fisheries management measures: Restrictions on the efficiency of fishing unit; bag limit; catch limit; season ban; market control; award system; penalty system etc.

Management of Fish Marketing: Availability, consumption and demand of fish; Status of fish markets and analysis of different case studies; Management of intermediaries and other relevant stakeholders; Market control, and strategies for market promotion and development.

Community-based Fisheries Management: Concept and justification; Principles and Implementation; Current practices, models and case studies.

 

Bibliographic References:

“Fishery Management” by S.C. Agarwal

Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi - 110026. SL-828

“Economics of Fisheries Management: A Critique in Third World Perspective” by Ramakrishnan

Korakandy. 1996, Daya Publishing House, Delhi - 110035. SL-850

“Freshwater Fisheries Management” by Robin G. Templeton

1995, Fishing News Books. SL-833

“Inland Fisheries Ecology and Management” by R.L. Welcomme

2001, Fishing News Books. SL-795

“Management and Ecology of River Fisheries” by I.G. Cowx

2000, Fishing News Books. SL-798

 

Second Term

 

ARM 5201: Integrated Coastal Zone Management

 

Section A

Introduction & concepts of ICZM, multiple uses of coastal zone.

Coastal zone management issues, resource use conflicts, horizontal and vertical migration.

ICZM planning cycle: coastal management plans, planning framework, planning process, implementation, monitoring & evaluation, case study.

Section B

Tools and techniques of ICZM: administrative (policy & legislation, guidelines, zoning), social (traditional practices, collaborative and community based management, capacity building), technical (EIA, risk and hazard management, landscape and visual resource analysis, economic analysis, GIS & remote sensing).

EIA: definition, purpose, importance & history of EIA in Bangladesh, EIA sequence, methodologies in EIA, guiding principles, problems and limitation of EIA.

Case studies: Development activities and major areas of environmental concerns in Bangladesh (flood protection embankment, coastal aquaculture developments e.g. shrimp farming, solid waste disposal areas, green-house gases, industrial impacts, health impacts (risk assessment), impacts of Farraka-Barrage on coastal region of Bangladesh

Recommended references:

  1. Integrated management of coastal zone by John R. Clark, FAO, 1992.
  2. Integrated coastal management: South Asia by B.E. Brown, DFID, 1997.

 

 

 ARM 5203 : Fisheries Conservation and Alternative Options

Section A

Understanding fisheries diversity and conservation: Overview and Background; Database of fisheries diversity; Dimension and Utilization of Fisheries Diversity; Concept of conservation and its relation with society; Priority basis conservation and their selection criteria; Conservation Ethics – Communicating the way towards protection and sustainable use of Aquatic Biodiversity.

Introduction to fisheries conservation and management: Conservation tools and their applications; Current practices employed in the conservation and management of aquatic habitats;

Conservation policy: Strategy and action plan; Conservation vs. Management; National Conservation Policy Issues and their effective implementation.

Section B

Fish conservation biology: Environmental degradation and habitat destruction, Impact of fishing and aquaculture on environment and biodiversity, Concept of minimum viable population size, Endangered species and restoration ecology

Cryo-preservation and other genetic methods: population genetics; cryo-preservation techniques; efficient breeding technologies and hybridization; use of advanced genetic tools

 

Sanctuary and Menagerie Techniques: Sanctuary techniques – Preparation of Shelter, Measures to prohibit their catch; Menagerie Techniques – Establishment of safari park of different aquatic invertebrates and vertebrates, wild and endangered species identification and their collection.

Bibliographic References:

“Conservation of freshwater Fishes: Options for the Future” by M.J. Collares-Pereira

Fishing News Books. SL-842

“National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan” by Ainun Nishat

IUCN. SL-802

“Red Book of Threatened Aquatic Species” IUCN.

“Protection of Aquatic Biodiversity” by David P. Philipp

Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. SL-790

“The Common Fisheries Policy: Origin, Evaluation and Future” by Mike Holden

Fishing News Books.

 

 

ARM 5205: Applied Limnology and Ecosystem Dynamics

 

Section A

Basic concepts of Limnology: Definition, objectives, historical development, scope and present status of Limnology.

Physico-chemical characteristics of water and soil, soil-water interaction.

Limnology of wetlands and rivers: lentic systems, lotic systems, diversity of fishes in lentic and lotic systems.

Plankton communities, productivity and eutrophication.

Aquatic macrophytes and benthos.

Section B

Freshwater ecosystems, estuarine ecology, marine ecosystems.

Ecology of floodplain: communities in floodplain, energy flow in floodplain, floodplain fisheries and modification of floodplain ecosystems.

Bio-geochemical cycles in aquatic environment: phosphorus, nitrogen, silicon, calcium, iron, sulfur and carbon cycle.

Population ecology: concept of population, population group properties, population density, natality, mortality, age distribution, biotic potential, environmental resistance, growth form, carrying capacity, population in dispersal and structure.

Recommended references:

  1. Fundamentals of Limnology and Aquaculture Biotechnology by Devashish Kar, Daya publishing house, 2007.
  2. A treatise on Limnology Volume II Introduction to lake biology and the limnoplankton by G. Evelyn Hytchinson, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1967.
  3. A textbook of applied biology by B.B. Hosetti & Arvind Kumar. Daya publishing house, Delhi-110035, 2002.
  4. Aquatic Ecology – A text book by G. Ragothaman & R.K. Trivedy. Agrobios (India), 2002.

 

 

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Khulna University

Fisheries and Marine Resource Technology Discipline

Course curriculum for the Degree of Master of Science in Coastal and Marine Science

First Year, First Term

Course No.       Course Ttile                                                                  Credit Hours

CMS 5101         Hydrodynamics                                                             3.0

CMS 5103         Coastal and Marine Environment                                     3.0

CMS 5105         Chemical and Geological Oceanography                          3.0

Optional

 

Course No.       Course Ttile                                                                  Credit Hours

CMS 5107         Mangrove Exploitation and Management                          3.0

CMS 5109         Coastal Zone Management                                             3.0

CMS 5111         Marine Pollution                                                             3.0

Seminar

CMS 5102         Seminar-I                                                                      1.0

 

First Year, Second Term

 

Course No.       Course Ttile                                                                  Credit Hours

CMS 5201         Biological Oceanography                                                3.0

CMS 5203         Ocean Instrumentation and Technology                           3.0

CMS 5205         Marine Resource Exploitation                                         3.0

Optional

 

Course No.       Course Title                                                                  Credit Hours

CMS 5207         Climate Change and Fisheries                                        3.0

CMS 5209         GIS and Remote Sensing                                               3.0

CMS 5211         Ocean Economics and Management                               3.0

Seminar

CMS 5202         Seminar-II                                                                     1.0

 

Second Year, First Term                                                                      Credit Hours

CMS 6102         Seminar-III                                                                    1.0

CMS 6104         Thesis                                                                         12.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Term (Core Courses)

Course No.: CMS 5101

Course Title: Hydrodynamics

SECTION A

  1. Physical characteristics of ocean water.
  2. Underwater Acoustics: Principles of underwater acoustics, including history and basic concepts; the sonar equations; propagation of sound in the sea; reflection and scattering; sonar background noise; detection of signals in noise; sonar systems; system requirements and operations; and signal processing and display.
  3. Ocean circulation: Surface and subsurface circulations, deep water currents, thermohaline circulation, current flow and gyres, open ocean convergence and divergence. Instruments for measuring currents.

SECTION B

  1. Waves and tides: Forces that generate waves and tides, classification of waves and tides, energy from waves and tides.
  2. Ocean-atmosphere interactions: Dynamics of wind driven coastal flow, the fluxes of heat, water and energy in the ocean and interchanges with the atmosphere; budgets and mechanisms of exchange; and interannual and long-term climate variations as related to the ocean.

Recommended Books:

  1. The oceans: their physics, chemistry and general biology by H.U. Sverdrup, Martin W. Johonson and Richard H. Fleming, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  2. The World Ocean: An Introduction to Oceanography by William A. Anikoouchine and Richard W. Sternberg, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  3. Essentials of Oceanography by Harold V. Thurman, Bell & Howell Companny, USA.
  4. Oceanography: Perspectives on a fluid Earth by Steve Neshyba, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  5. Oceanography: An Introduction by Dale E. Ingmanson, and William J. Wallace, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, USA.
  6. Fundamentals of Oceanography by Keith A. Sverdrup, Alison B. Duxbury and Alyn C. Duxbury. Published by Mc Graw Hill, Newyork.

 

Course No.: CMS 5103

Course Title: Coastal and Marine Environment

SECTION A

  1. Classification of coasts and beaches.
  2. Zonation of marine environment
  3. Pelagic environment: Characteristics and subdivision of pelagic environment
  4. Benthic province: Classification and environmental issues of benthic division.
  5. Estuarine and mangrove habitat: their classifications, zonations and distributions. 

SECTION B

  1. Environmental factors and species interactions. Physical, chemical and biological factors, the effects of ecological factors on fish behavior and abundance.
  2. Environmental degradation and restoration of coastal and marine environment.
  3. Environmental policy, law and planning; environmental institutions and international cooperation.
  4. Coral reef environment: Mechanisms of reef formation, diversity of coral reefs, environmental condition, its variation and impact on reef.

Recommended Books:

  1. Principles of Oceanography: Richard A. Davis, Jr., Addison-Wesley Publishers, California.
  2. Marine Chemistry in the Coastal Environment: Thomas M. Church. Published by American Chemical Society.
  3. The oceans: their physics, chemistry and general biology by H.U. Sverdrup, Martin W. Johonson and Richard H. Fleming, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  4. The World Ocean: An Introduction to Oceanography by William A. Anikoouchine and Richard W. Sternberg, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  5. Essentials of Oceanography by Harold V. Thurman, Bell & Howell Companny, USA.
  6. Essentials of Ecology and Environmental Science: S.V.S Rana. Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi.
  7. Oceanography: Perspectives on a fluid Earth by Steve Neshyba, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  8. Oceanography: An Introduction by Dale E. Ingmanson, and William J. Wallace, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, USA.
  9. Fundamentals of Oceanography by Keith A. Sverdrup, Alison B. Duxbury and Alyn C. Duxbury. Published by Mc Graw Hill, Newyork.

Course No.: CMS 5105

Course Title: Chemical and Geological Oceanography

SECTION A

  1. Origin of the earth and its ocean.
  2. Processes controlling the chemical composition of seawater. Chemical distributions in the ocean, marine physical chemistry, chemical equilibrium, and concepts of mass balance.
  3.  Thermodynamics, acid-base and redox reactions, solution-precipitation reactions and complex formation.
  4. Sources, reactions, and fates of organic molecules in the marine environment along with the stable isotope geochemistry of marine organic substances

SECTION B

  1. Processes controlling elemental cycling between the earth’s crust, oceans and atmosphere, processes affecting dissolved concentrations and distributions of chemicals and radiotracers in the world’s oceans.
  2. Marine geological processes: Structural and oceanographic setting of continent and ocean basins, plate tectonics, margin of the continents.
  3. Marine sediments and properties, coastal sedimentary environments, continental margin sediments, reef and associated sediments, deep sea sediments.
  4. Marine geophysics: Seismic refraction, oceanic gravity surveys, magnetic surveys, heat flow in the ocean floor.

Recommended Books:

  1. Principles of Oceanography: Richard A. Davis, Jr., Addison-Wesley Publishers, California.
  2. Marine Chemistry in the Coastal Environment: Thomas M. Church. Published by American Chemical Society.
  3. The oceans: their physics, chemistry and general biology by H.U. Sverdrup, Martin W. Johonson and Richard H. Fleming, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  4. The World Ocean: An Introduction to Oceanography by William A. Anikoouchine and Richard W. Sternberg, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  5. Essentials of Oceanography by Harold V. Thurman, Bell & Howell Companny, USA.
  6. Oceanography: Perspectives on a fluid Earth by Steve Neshyba, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  7. Oceanography: An Introduction by Dale E. Ingmanson, and William J. Wallace, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, USA.
  8. Fundamentals of Oceanography by Keith A. Sverdrup, Alison B. Duxbury and Alyn C. Duxbury. Published by Mc Graw Hill, Newyork.

1st Term (Optional Courses)

 

Course No.: CMS 5107

Course Title: Mangrove Exploitation and Management

SECTION A

  1. Mangroves: Types of mangroves, mangrove systems, mangroves productivity, conditions for ideal mangrove ecosystem, mangrove functions and values, mangrove uses for fisheries and other resources.
  2. Distribution of mangroves along the coast, socio-economic importance of mangroves, status and conditions of major mangrove forests in the South and Southeast Asia.
  3. Classification, distributions and adaptations of mangrove flora and fauna; zonation and specialization of mangrove species.
  4. Climate change and its impacts on mangrove resources.

SECTION B

  1. Mangrove management issues: population growth, resource use, resource use interactions and conflicts.
  2. Mangrove management strategies: goals and purposes, participatory planning and programme development
  3. Mangrove management tools: Mobilization of coastal people for mangrove management, training of stakeholders; Participatory management of mangrove resources: Community participatory management and co-management.
  4. Code of conduct and practices for the management and sustainable use of mangrove ecosystems: Principles for a code of conduct and practices for the management and sustainable use of mangrove ecosystems; code of practice for sustainable use of mangrove ecosystems in Southeast Asia; guidelines for mangrove ecosystem survey.

Reference books:

  1. Sundarbans Mangrove: Fish and Fisheries. M. Enamul Hoq, Graphic Media, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  2. Coastal Planning and Management: Robert Kay and Jacqueline Alder, Spon Press, London and New York.
  3. Coastal Environment and Shrimp Cultivation: M. Nuruzzaman, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  4. Coastal Zone Resource Development and Conservation in Southeast Asia: George A. Knox and Tetsuo Miyabara, UNESCO, Indonesia.
  5. An Introduction to Marine Ecology. Barnes, R.S.K. and Hughes, R.N., 3rd edition, Blackwell Science, UK.
  6. Ecology of Coastal Waters. Macan, T.T., Blackwell Science, UK.
  7. The Mangrove Ecosystem Research Methods: C. Snedaker, UNESCO, UK.
  8. Coastal Area Resource Development and Management Part I and Part II published by Coastal Area Resource Development and Management Association, BRAC Printers, Bangladesh.

Course No.: CMS 5109

Course Title: Coastal Zone Management

SECTION A

  1. Coastal landforms and geomorphic processes.
  2. Coastal environment, environmental perturbations in coastal aquatic habitats.
  3. Tropical coastal zone systems: fisheries, coastal aquaculture, mangrove ecosystem, multiple resource uses of coastal zone.
  4. Resource evaluation and protection: vital areas of resources, resource capability and use allocation.
  5. Coastal management issues: population growth, resource use, resource use interactions and conflicts.

SECTION B

  1. Coastal erosion and protection.
  2. Tourism and recreation in the coastal zones.
  3. Effects of human activities, climate sea-level changes on coastal zone, responses of coastal zone to global changes.
  4. Coastal zone management planning and techniques, research needs for coastal zone management: Methodologies and techniques of studying coastal systems.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Reference books:

  1. Coastal Planning and Management: Robert Kay and Jacqueline Alder, Spon Press, London and New York.
  2. Coastal Environment and Shrimp Cultivation: M. Nuruzzaman, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  3. Coastal Zone Resource Development and Conservation in Southeast Asia: George A. Knox and Tetsuo Miyabara, UNESCO, Indonesia.
  4. The Mangrove Ecosystem Research Methods: C. Snedaker, UNESCO, UK.
  5. Coastal Area Resource Development and Management Part I and Part II published by Coastal Area Resource Development and Management Association, BRAC Printers, Bangladesh.

 

 

Course No.: CMS 5111

Course Title: Marine Pollution

SECTION A

  1. Introduction to marine pollution: concepts and nature, sources, inputs and classification of pollutants.
  2. Water quality degradation in marine environments: impairments and effects.
  3. Identification of biological effects and subsequent economic effects and losses from water quality impairments and degradations in marine environments.
  4. Monitoring of marine pollution: different monitoring program, indicator species, and role of bioaccumulators in pollution monitoring.

 

SECTION B

  1. Environmental capacity: an approach to pollution assessment, premises, concepts and definitions, scientific rationales and methodology for the assessment of impact, verification of the assessment made and environmental quality criteria adopted, guidelines for the scientific assessment of the impact and practical application of guidelines.
  2. Marine pollution: issues of national, regional and international aspects.
  3. Pollution management policies: principal policies, strategic basis for controlling pollution, elements of strategy, measuring risk, sustainable development of the ecosystems.
  4. International regulations for the prevention of pollution: agreements, protocols, guidelines and conventions.

Recommended books:

  1. Economics of Environmental Conservation by Clement A. Tisdell. Elsevier, London.
  2. The oceans: their physics, chemistry and general biology by H.U. Sverdrup, Martin W. Johonson and Richard H. Fleming, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  3. The World Ocean: An Introduction to Oceanography by William A. Anikoouchine and Richard W. Sternberg, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  4. Economic losses from marine pollution by Douglas D. Ofiara and Joseph J. Seneca. Island Press, London.
  5. Ecology and environment, Vol. IV, Delhi-110035, India.
  6. Marine pollution and sea life by Ruivo, M., 1972. Acedemic Press.
  7. Environmental pollution by Katyal, T. and Satake, M. 1989. Anmol Publication Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.
  8. Environmental toxicology by Satake, M. and Mido, Y., 1997. Discovery Publishing House, New Delhi, India.
  9. Environmental pollution and management by Mohan, , 1989. SB Nangia, New Delhi, India.

2nd Term (Core Courses)

Course No.: CMS 5201

Course Title: Biological Oceanography

SECTION A

  1. Phytoplankton in the marine environment: ecology, primary productivity, and physiology. Phytoplankton growth and photosynthetic patterns; spatial and temporal distributions of phytoplankton.
  2. Zooplankton community: Distribution and abundance of pelagic animals in space and time; analysis of their interactions. Small-scale distributions and behavior, population dynamics and energetics, trophic structure and dynamics, pelagic community structure, models of populations and food chains, secondary production and biogeography.
  3. Nekton: Larval fish to whales including bony and cartilaginous fishes, cephalopods, reptiles and mammals. Factors governing productivity, population dynamics, distribution of organisms in major ecosystems of the ocean.

SECTION B

  1. Seaweeds: classification and distribution, commercially important seaweeds.
  2. Analysis of marine benthic communities; new research questions and method; ecologically important physics of benthic boundary layer; theories, mechanics, and observations of deposit feeding; succession as consequence of physical processes and biological interactions. Environments include deep-sea, continental shelves, estuaries, and intertidal, focusing on soft substrata.
  3. Marine microbiology: The diversity, distribution and roles of marine microbes whose members include viruses, bacteria, archaea and protests. The role of microorganisms in the economy and productivity of the sea. The role of microbes in geological and geochemical processes.

Reference books:

  1. The oceans: their physics, chemistry and general biology by H.U. Sverdrup, Martin W. Johonson and Richard H. Fleming, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  2. The World Ocean: An Introduction to Oceanography by William A. Anikoouchine and Richard W. Sternberg, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  3. Essentials of Oceanography by Harold V. Thurman, Bell & Howell Companny, USA.
  4. Oceanography: Perspectives on a fluid Earth by Steve Neshyba, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  5. Oceanography: An Introduction by Dale E. Ingmanson, and William J. Wallace, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, USA.
  6. Fisheries Oceanography: An Integrating Approach to Fisheries Ecology and Management edited by Paul J. Harrison and Timothy R. Parsons. Blackwell Science.
  1. Concepts in biological oceanography: an interdisciplinary primer. Jumars, P.A., Oxford University
  2. Biological oceanography: an introduction. Lalli, C.M. and T.R. Parsons.
  3. Dynamics of marine ecosystems: biological-physical interactions in the oceans. Mann, K.H. and J.R.N. Lazier, Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Course No.: CMS 5203

Course Title: Ocean Instrumentation and Technology

SECTION A

  1. Principles of the instrumentations and the physical processes involved.
  2. Data logging: Analog and digital recorders, telemetry, memory and recording media.
  3. Underwater acoustics: Transponders, SOFAR and RAFOS navigation, acoustic tomography.
  4. Current, pressure and sea level measurements: Mechanical, acoustic, electromagnetic, optical, radar, drifters. Water-sampling and bottom-sampling devices,
  5. Meteorological measurements: Wind, humidity, temperature, rain, radiation sensors.
  6. Mechanical technology: Metals, plastics, glass, corrosion, cables, winches, buoys, anchors, releases, towers.

SECTION B

  1. Collection of biological samples: Collection of benthic organisms, collection of nekton, plankton, interpretation of plankton observations.
  2. Oceanographic vessels and their facilities.
  3. Fishing the living marine resources: Development trends of fishing instruments and technology.
  4. Exploitation of non-living ocean resources.
  5. Sampling and analysis strategies: Temporal sampling, time series analysis, spatial sampling, array design, spatial data analysis, data assimilation.

Reference books:

  1. The World Ocean: An Introduction to Oceanography by William A. Anikoouchine and Richard W. Sternberg, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  2. Oceanography: Perspectives on a fluid Earth by Steve Neshyba, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  3. Oceanography: An Introduction by Dale E. Ingmanson, and William J. Wallace, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, USA.
  4. Study of the Sea edited by E M Thomasson, Fishing New Books Ltd, England.
  5. Handbook of ocean and underwater engineering, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
  6. Ocean instruments and experiment design in Evolution of physical oceanography. Baker, D.J., B.A. Warren and C. Wunsch, The MIT Press, Boston.
  7. Buoy engineering. Berteaux, H.O., John Wiley & sons, New York.
  8. American practical navigator. Bowditch, N., U.S. Defence Mapping Agency.
  9. Air-sea interactions: instruments and methods. Dobson, F., L. Hasse, and R. Davis, Plenum Press, New York.
  10. Marine corrosion: causes and prevention. Laque, F.L., John Wiley & sons, New York.
  11. Polymer technology. Miles, C. and J.H. Briston, Chemical Publishing co., New York.
  12. Principles of underwater sounds. Ulrick, R.J., McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

Course No.: CMS 5205

Course Title: Marine Resource Exploitation

SECTION A

  1. Living marine resources: Marine plants including becteria, fungi, micro and macro algae, angiosperms. Marine animals including micro and macro zooplankton, crustaceans, nematodes, mollusks, fishes, reptiles, amphibians, mammals. Exploitation of living resources.
  2. Non-living marine resources: Water, sediments, minerals, petroleum, gas and radio isotopes. Exploitation of renewable and non-renewable abiotic resources.

 

SECTION B

  1. Commercial and industrial utilization of both living and non-living marine resources: Mariculture of non-commercial marine organisms including algae, bacteria, fungi, phyto and zooplankton, invertebrates and vertebrates. Non-living industrial production of agar-agar, chitin, and chitogen, metals, pharmaceuticals and raw materials.
  2. Production of energy from the ocean: Energy from waves, tides, currents, thermal differences, geothermal energy.
  3. Exploitation of marine resources for recreational uses.

Reference books:

  1. Renewable Energy Resources. Twidell, J.W. and Weir, A.D., English Language Book Society, London.
  2. Mineral Resources. Flawn, P.T., John Wiley and Sons Inc.
  3. Living Marine Resources. Iverson, E.S., Chapman and Hall.
  4. Renewable Energy Technologies: Their Application in Developing Countries. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.
  5. Geothermal Energy. Armstead, H.C.H., 2nd Edition, E. and F.N. SPON, London.
  6. Petrology of the Ocean Floor. Hekinian, R., E.O. Series no. 33 Do.
  7. Marine Manager Deposits. Glasby, G.P., Elsevier Oceanography Series No.15, Elsevier Scientific Publications, Amsterdam.
  8. Marine Manager Deposits. Glasby, G.P., Elsevier Oceanography Series No.1, Elsevier Scientific Publications, Amsterdam.
  9. Classic Mineral Localities of the World. Scalisi, P. and Cook, D., Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc., New York.
  10. Animal Byproducts: Processing and Utilization. Mann, I., FAO, Rome.
  11. Industrial Utilization of Marine Non-living Resources.  U.N., UNIDO, Madras, India.

2nd Term (Optional Courses)

Course No.: CMS 5207

Course Title: Climate Change and Fisheries

SECTION A

  1. The nature of fisheries.
  2. The biology of fish populations.
  3. Changes in the fisheries during historical times.
  4. Climate change relevant to fisheries.

 

SECTION B

  1. The short-term changes in fish populations.
  2. The effects of climate changes upon management
  3. The effect of climate upon the fisheries.

Recommended books:

  1. Climate and Fisheries. Cushing, D.H., Academic Press.
  2. The oceans: their physics, chemistry and general biology by H.U. Sverdrup, Martin W. Johonson and Richard H. Fleming, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  3. The World Ocean: An Introduction to Oceanography by William A. Anikoouchine and Richard W. Sternberg, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
  4. Essentials of Oceanography by Harold V. Thurman, Bell & Howell Companny, USA.
  5. Oceanography: Perspectives on a fluid Earth by Steve Neshyba, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  6. Oceanography: An Introduction by Dale E. Ingmanson, and William J. Wallace, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, USA.
  7. Fundamentals of Oceanography by Keith A. Sverdrup, Alison B. Duxbury and Alyn C. Duxbury. Published by Mc Graw Hill, Newyork.

Course No.: CMS 5209

Course Title: GIS and Remote Sensing

SECTION A

  1. Basic principles and components of GIS; data input to a spatial information system; geographical data types and methods of representation; GIS data structure, processing, analysis and modeling.
  2. Remote sensing of the sea: The general principles of remote sensing of the sea, Sensor calibration, atmospheric correction, positional registration, oceanographic sampling for “sea truth” and image processing.
  3. Oceanographic applications of remote sensing, including visible, infrared and microwave techniques for sensing ocean color, temperature, salinity, currents and waves. Fisheries applications of satellite remote sensing.

 

SECTION B

  1. Satellite data and their application in measuring phytoplankton biomass, chlorophyll fluorescence, coccolithophores concentration and harmful algal blooms, seasonal cycles of phytoplankton biomass, global phytoplankton biomass and primary production. Use of satellite data for multidisciplinary approach: El-Nino.
  2. Detection and mapping of land and ocean resources with optical, infrared and microwave sensors. Digital analysis of satellite images using multispectral and spatial analysis techniques and correlation with ground/ship data. Application to oceanography, coastal processes, geology, land use, geography, agriculture, climate and pollution studies.

Recommended books:

  1. Essentials of Oceanography by Harold V. Thurman, Bell & Howell Companny, USA.
  2. Oceanography: Perspectives on a fluid Earth by Steve Neshyba, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  3. Oceanography: An Introduction by Dale E. Ingmanson, and William J. Wallace, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, USA.
  4. Fisheries Oceanography: An Integrating Approach to Fisheries Ecology and Management edited by Paul J. Harrison and Timothy R. Parsons. Blackwell Science.
  5. Concepts in biological oceanography: an interdisciplinary primer. Jumars, P.A., Oxford University
  6. Biological oceanography: an introduction. Lalli, C.M. and T.R. Parsons, Oxford.
  7. Dynamics of marine ecosystems: biological-physical interactions in the oceans. Mann, K.H. and J.R.N. Lazier, Blackwell Scientific Publications.
  8. Geographic Information System by Rezaul Karim.
  9. Marine Climate, Weather and Fisheries by Taivo Laevastu.
  10. Fundamentals of Weather and Climate by Robin McIlveen.

Course No.: CMS 5211

Course Title: Ocean Economics and Management

SECTION A

  1. Economics of living and non-living marine resources: Economic importance, economic growth, dynamics, uncertainty and the environment: differing views.
  2. Role of oceans in international trade.
  3. Environmental quality and resource availability trends: broad estimates and projections.
  4. Tourism: Introductory issues, dependence of tourism on the natural environment, tourism destroys tourism and tourist assets, dynamics of tourism, conflicts between tourists, variety in tourist areas, public finance issues and national gains.
  5. Sustaining marine biodiversity and intergenerational economic welfare.

SECTION B

  1. Philosophy and scope of ocean management.
  2. Institutional, legal and policy framework of ocean management.
  3. Development policies and strategies for marine resource management.
  4. Coastal and ocean use structures, and managing the coastal and ocean areas.

Recommended books:

  1. Coastal Planning and Management: Robert Kay and Jacqueline Alder, Spon Press, London and New York.
  2. Sea Management: A theoretical Approach by Adalberto Vallega. Elsevier Applied Science, London and New York.
  3. Economics of Environmental Conservation by Clement A. Tisdell. Elsevier, London.
  4. Economics by Ralph T. Byrns and Gerald W. Stone. Scott, Foresman and Company, London.
  5. Essentials of Oceanography by Harold V. Thurman, Bell & Howell Companny,
 
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Khulna University

Fisheries and Marine Resource Technology Discipline

Course curriculum for the Degree of Master of Science in Fish Genetics and Biotechnology

First Year, First Term

 

Core course

Course No.       Course Title                                                                              Credit Hours

FGB 5101         Advanced Fish Physiology                                                         3.0

FGB 5103         Fundamentals of Genetics                                                          3.0

FGB 5105         Molecular Genetics                                                                    3.0

Optional course

 

FGB 5107         Advanced Ichthyology                                                                3.0

FGB 5109         Advanced Endocrinology                                                            3.0

FGB 5111         Fish Biochemistry                                                                      3.0

FGB 5102         Seminar-I                                                                                  1.0

First Year, Second Term

Course No.       Course Title                                                                              Credit Hours

FGB 5201         Fish Breeding and Genetics                                                        3.0

FGB 5203         Population and Evolutionary Genetics                                          3.0

FGB 5205         Fish Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering                                3.0

Optional course

 

FGB 5207         Bioinformatics                                                                          3.0

FGB 5209         Cytogenetics                                                                             3.0

FGB 5111         Ethics and Risks in Transgenic Production and GMOs                 3.0

FGB 5202         Seminar-II                                                                                 1.0

 

Second Year, First Term                                                                                  Credit Hours

FGB 6102         Seminar-III                                                                                1.0

FGB 6104         Thesis                                                                                      12.0

Course No.: FGB 5101               Course Name: Advanced Fish Physiology

Advanced Fish Physiology

 

Section-A

Introduction to fish anatomy and physiology.

Fish growth: General aspects of fish growth, measures of fish growth, factors affecting fish growth, hormonal control of fish growth, manipulation of fish growth, neuropeptides and the control of food intake in fish

Feeding and digestion: Feeding and absorption, feeding systems, digestion and digestive enzymes, energy metabolism, energy budget and food, energy, growth and reproduction.

Circulatory systems: Tissue fluids and blood passing organs, mechanism of blood circulation in fish, control of body temperature.

Section-B

Osmoregulation: Aquatic animal physiology, central themes in animal physiology, membranes, channels and transporters, ionic and osmotic balance. 

Gas exchange: Structure and function of gills, gas transport, steps of respiration, gas transfer in water, regulation of gas transfer, structure of haemoglobin, inhibiting factors, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, transfer of gases at the tissues.  

Swimming and locomotion: Means of fish locomotion, classification of fish swimming, body shape and fish locomotion.

Reproductive physiology: Reproductive system in fish, pituitary hormones and analogues, sex determination, role of hormones in sexual behavior of fish, control of reproduction by environmental factors.

Text books:

  1. William Stewart Hoar, David J. Randall, Frank P. Conte. Fish Physiology. Published by Academic Press, 1970 ISBN 0123504384, 9780123504388.
  2. Stefan Nilsson, Susanne Holmgren. Fish Physiology: Recent Advances Contributor Stefan Nilsson, Published by Routledge, 1986
  3. David Hudson Evans. The Physiology of Fishes. Contributor David Hudson Evans Published by CRC Press, 1997
  4. Vera M. F. de Almeida-Val, Sigal Balshine, William Stewart Hoar, E. M. Donaldson, Anthony Peter Farrell, Frank P. Conte, Toshiaki J. Hara, David J. Randall, Choy L. Hew, George Iwama, Ian A. Johnston, George V. Lauder, Teruyuki Nakanishi, Steve F. Perry, Robert E. Shadwick, Nancy M. Sherwood. Fish physiology. Published by Academic Press, 1969
  5. Alan G. Heath. Water Pollution and Fish Physiology. Published by CRC Press, 1995. ISBN 0873716329, 9780873716321
  6. Rankin, J. C.,  T. J. Pitcher, R. T. Duggan Control Processes in Fish Physiology, Published by Springer, 1983, ISBN 0709922469, 9780709922469
  7. Lynwood S. Smith.  Introduction to Fish Physiology. Published by T.F.H., 1982
  8. Barbara A Block, E Donald Stevens, William Stewart Hoar. Fish Physiology. Published by Academic Press, 2001. ISBN 0123504430, 9780123504432
  9. Patricia A Wright, Paul M Anderson, William Stewart Hoar. Fish Physiology Published by Academic Press, 2001

Course No.: FGB 5103               Course Name: Fundamentals of Genetics

Section-A

An introduction: The branches of genetics; relationship of genetics to other areas of biology; geneticist and genetic research; the development of the field of genetics

Historical development of genetics and Physical basis of heredity; Mendelian principles: Scope, limitation, probability of Mendelian inheritance; Modifications to Mendelian ratios.

Genetic variation: Causes and measurement; chromosome theory of inheritance; genetic basis of determination of sex.

Chromosome manipulation: Ploidy induction; sex reversal; gynogenesis; and androgenesis.

Section-B

Pleiotropy: Penetrance; gene and genotypic frequency and factors affecting them; application of selection for performance improvement.

Extension of Mendelian genetics analysis: Multiple allele; modification of dominance relationship; gene interaction; epistasis; essential genes and lethal allele; the environment and gene expression.

Mutation: Natural and induced; Mutagens fate of mutant allele in the population; Cross breeding and genetic drift.

Text books:

  1. Principles of Genetics: 2nd Ed. Snustad & Simmons
  2. Genetics for Fish Hatchery Managers : 2nd Ed. Douglas Tave;
  3. Genetic bases of fish selection: V.S.Kirpichnikov;
  4. Fish genetics and Biotechnology: W.S.Lakra;
  5. Genetics and Fish Breding: C.E.Purdom;
  6. Practical Genetics for Aquaculture: C. Greglutz
  7. Theory and Problems of Genetics: William D. Stansfield
  8. Genetics and Analysis of Quantitative Traits: Lynch M, Walsh B.

References:

  1. Journal of Animal Breed and Genetics
  2. Journal of Genetics
  3. Journal of Heredity
  4. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding

Course No.: FGB 5105               Course Name: Molecular Genetics

Section-A

The structure of genetic material: The nature of genetic material, the chemical composition of DNA and RNA.

The organization of DNA in chromosome: Structural characteristics of bacterial, viral and eukarotic chromosomes; unique sequence and DNA and repetitive sequence DNA in eukaryotic chromosome

DNA replication and recombination: DNA replication in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; DNA recombination.

Transcription, RNA molecules and RNA processing: The transcription process; Transcription of protein coding gene; transcription of other gene.

The genetic code and the translation of the genetic message: Protein structure; the nature of the genetic code; translation of genetic message; protein sorting in the cell.

Recombinant DNA technology and the manupulation of DNA: Gene cloning; construction of geneomic and cDNA library; indentifying specific cloned sequences in cDNA and genomic libraries; analysis of genes and gene transcription; polymerase chain reaction.

Section-B

Regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes: Gene regulation of lactose; tryptophan operon; level of control of gene expression in eukaryotes.

The Cell and Its Components: Some Types of Chemical Bonds, Carbohydrates, Lipids, (Fats), Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids, Amino Acids, Proteins.

DNA as Carrier of Genetic Information: DNA and Its Components, DNA Structure, Alternative DNA Structures, DNA Replication,

Genes: The Flow of Genetic Information, Transcription and Translation, Genes and Mutation, Genetic Code, The Structure of Eukaryotic Genes

Recombinant DNA: DNA Sequencing, Automated DNA Sequencing, Cloning, cDNA Cloning, DNA Libraries, Restriction Analysis by Southern Blot, Restriction Mapping, DNA Amplification by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Changes in DNA: Mutation due to Base Modifications, DNA Polymorphism, Recombination, Transposition, Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion.

Text books:

  1. Pasteur N., Pasteur G., Bonhomne F., Catalan J. and Britto avidian J. (1988) Practical Isozyme Genetics. Ellis Horwood Ltd., England: 215 pp.
  2. Caetano-Anolles G. and Gresshoff P. M. 1998. DNA Markers: Protocols, Applications and Overviews. Wiley-VCH, NY: 364pp
  3. Sambrook J., Fritsch E. F. and Maniatis T. 1989. Molecular Cloning: A laboratory manual. New York: Cold Spring- Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, Vol 1- 3.
  4. Lehninger-Principles of Biochemistry, Fourth edition by David L. Nelson and Michael M. Cox
  5. Biochemistry, V edition, by J.M.Berg, J.L. Tymocz Ko and L. Stryer. 6. Genes, VII, International Edition, 2004 By Benjamin Lewin

References:

  1. Journal of Molecular Biology; 2. Molecular and Cellular Biology; 3. Journal of Bio-chemistry and Molecular Biology
  2. BMC Molecular Biology

Course No.: FGB 5107               Course Name: Advanced Ichthyology

Section-A

Phylogeny of fishes, evolutionary changes in bony fishes

Interrelationships of the major groups of fishes: Early chondrichthyans, living elasmobranchs, acanthodians,

crossopterygians, coelaeanthiforms, osteoglossomorphs, clueomorphs and euteleosteans fishes.

Section-B

Fish morphology: skin, scales, colouration, fins, muscles, body shapes, mouth.

Muscular features: Major kinds of muscles, skeletal musculature of trunk, head region and fin of fishes.

Skeletal features: Exo-skeleton, endo-skeleton, axial firm skeleton, appendicular firm skeleton.

Geography of fishes: Clues of geographical history of fishes, geography of freshwater and marine water fishes.

Text books:

  1. Devendra Nath Saksena. Ichthyology: Recent Research Advances. Published by Science Publishers, 1999. ISBN 1578080533, 9781578080533
  2. Lagler, K. F. Lagler, etc., J.E. Bardach, R.R. Miller, D.R. May Passino. Ichthyology. Published by John Wiley & Sons Canada, Limited, 1977. ISBN 0471024899, 9780471024897
  3. Poznanin, L. P. Ichthyology Published by Amerind Pub. Co., 1977
  4. William Jardine. Ichthyology. Published by W.H. Lizars, 1835
  5. Peter Brian Neville Jackson. Ichthyology: The Fish of the Middle Zambesi. Published by Published for the Trustees of the National Museums of Southern Rhodesia by Manchester U.P, 1961
  6. Bushnan, J. S. Ichthyology: Fishes : Particularly Their Structure and Economical Uses. Published by s.n, 1853
  7. David Starr Jordan, Carl Leavitt Hubbs. Studies in Ichthyology: A Monographic Review of the Family of Atherinidae Or Silversides. Published by The University, 1919. Original from Harvard University
  8. Daniel Pauly. Darwin's Fishes: An Encyclopedia of Ichthyology, Ecology, and Evolution. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN 0521827779, 9780521827775

Course No.: FGB 5109               Course Name: Advanced Endocrinology

 

Section-A

General concept of endocrinology: Scope and position of endocrinology, historical background with special emphasis on fish.

Hormones: Modern concepts of hormones, types of hormone, roles of hormone, endocrine glands.

The pituitary gland: Anatomy and histophysiology, secretions, functions and mechanisms.

Section-B

 

Anatomy, functions and secretions of the thyroid gland, the adrenal gland, the endocrine pancreas, the urophysis, the corpuscles of stannius and the ultimobranchial gland, the pineal gland.

Endocrinology of the testis: Histology of testis, chemistry of androgens, regulation of testicular functions, biology of spermatozoa, environment and sexual periodicity.

Endocrinology of the ovary: Histology of ovary, biochemistry of the ovarian hormones, endocrine control of ovary, vitellogenesis of the eggs, hormonal profiles of egg maturation process.

Text books:

  1. Manfred Reinecke, Giacomo Zaccone, B. G. Kapoor Contributor Manfred Reinecke. Fish Endocrinology.Published by Science Publishers, 2006. ISBN 1578083184, 9781578083183
  2. Fish Endocrinology. Published by Taylor & Francis, 1985. ISBN 0709917295, 9780709917298
  3. Grace E Pickford. Fish Endocrinology. Published by Kraus Reprint, 1976
  4. Yadav, B N Yadev B.. Fish Endocrinology. Published by Daya Publishing House, 1995. ISBN 817035143X, 9788170351436

Course No.: FGB 5111               Course Name: Fish Biochemistry

 

Section - A

Chemical foundation of biochemistry: water, carbohydrate, protein, fatty acid and enzymes

Biochemical composition of fish

Circulatory substrate fluxes and their regulation.

Tissues carbohydrate metabolism, gluconeogenesis and hormonal and environmental influences.

Glycerophospholipid metabolism.

Amino acid metabolism in fish.

Section - B

Protein synthesis in fish

Nutrition fluxes and regulation in fish intestine

The metabolic consequence of body size

Exercise metabolism of fish

Fasting and starvation

Origin of luciferins: ecology of bioluminescence in marine fishes.

Text books:

  1. Principles of Biochemistry: Lehninger, David L. Nelson, Michael M. Cox
  2. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Fishes, 4: Metabolic Biochemistry: P.W. Hochachka and T.P. Mommsen
  3. Fish biochemistry, Published by Pergamon Press, 1982
  4. Neason Akivah Michael Eskin, Harold Michael Henderson, Ronald Jefferson Townsend. Contributor Harold Michael Henderson, Ronald Jefferson Townsend Biochemistry of Foods. Published by Academic Press, 1971. Original from the University of Michigan. ISBN 012242350X, 9780122423505

Course No: FGB 5201                Course Name: Fish Breeding and Genetics

Section – A

Artificial breeding of commercially important fishes in hatcheries: Information on different species of endemic and exotic fishes used for artificial breeding.

Genetic management of brood stock: Brood stock management scenario in hatcheries in Bangladesh. Problem identified with existing fish stocks and hatchery operation. Short and long term plans for brood stock development in hatcheries.  

Genetics of quantitative phenotypes:

Components of variance: Genetic and environmental variance. Genetic and environmental correlation. Polygenic inheritance.

Section - B

Inbreeding: Identity be descent, calculating inbreeding, inbreeding and population size, effective breeding number, effect of inbreeding, inbreeding depression

Selective breeding: Selective breeding for qualitative and quantitative traits, selection index theory, effect of artificial selection on gene frequency and variance, habitability

Hybridization: Planning cross-breeding, heterosis, hybrid vigor, effect of unplanned hybridization.

Sex determination: Sex-reversal, gynogenesis, androgenesis, cytology of sex chromosomes

Text books:

  1. Harald Skjervold, E. A. Huisman, C. J. J. Richter. Aspects of Fish Culture and Fish Breeding. Published by Veenman, 1976
  2. Clark, N. W. Pisciculture: An Address on the Artificial Breeding of Fish, Their Habits, Etc., Delivered Before the Detroit Scientific Association. Published by Tribune printing company, 1875. Original from Harvard University
  3. Francis Francis. Fish-culture: A Practical Guide to the Modern System of Breeding and Rearing Fish. Published by Routledge, Warne and Routledge, 1865. Original from Harvard University
  4. John B. Gratzek, Paul V. Loiselle, Joanne Norton. Contributor Joanne Norton Fish Breeding and Genetics: Fish Breeding and Genetics. Published by Tetra Press, 1992. ISBN 1564651061, 9781564651068
  5. William Wright. Fishes and Fishing: Artificial Breeding of Fish, Anatomy of Their Senses, Their Loves, Passions, and Intellects. Published by T.C. Newby, 1858. Original from Harvard University
  6. Purdom, C. E. Genetics and Fish Breeding. Published by Springer, 1993. ISBN 0412330407, 9780412330407
  7. Marcel Huet, J. A. Timmermans, Henry Kahn. Translated by Henry Kahn. Contributor J. A. Timmermans. Textbook of Fish Culture: Breeding and Cultivation of Fish. Published by Fishing News, 1973
  8. Chris Andrews. A fishkeeper&s guide to fish breeding. Published by Salamander Books, 1986
  9. William Henry Fry. A Complete Treatise on Artificial Fish-breeding: Including the Reports on the Subject Made to the French Academy and the French Government; and Particulars of the Discovery as Pursued in England. Published by D. Appleton and company, 1866. Original from Harvard University
  10. Jay F. Hemdal, Michelle Earle-Bridges. Aquarium Fish Breeding: With Full-color Photpgraphs. Illustrated by Michelle Earle-Bridges. Published by Barron's Educational Series, 2003

FGB 5203                     Population and Evolutionary Genetics

Section – A

Evolution by natural selection: Darwin's theory, Evolution in vitro, Models of population growth, Selection in an asexual population, The accuracy of replication, Genetic drift in finite populations.

Evolution in diploid populations: Gene frequencies and the Hardy-Weinberg ratio, The concept of fitness, The spread of a favorable gene.

The variability of natural populations: The evidence for genetic variability, Mutation, The maintenance of variation, Evolution at more than one locus

Quantitative genetics: Nature and nurture, The additive genetic model, A more realistic model, Experiments in artificial selection, Quantitative variation and fitness, The maintenance of genetic variation for quantitative traits.

Section - B

Finite and structured populations: Inbreeding, Genetic drift, The rate of neutral molecular evolution, Mitochondrial DNA, Migration and differentiation between populations,  The establishment of a new favourable mutation

The evolution of prokaryotes: The evolution of gene function, Phages, plasmids, and transposable elements, The evolution of phages and their hosts, The evolution of plasmids, The evolution of transposons, The population genetics of E. coli, The evolution of viruses.

The evolution of the eukaryotic genome: The nature of the genome, The haemoglobin gene family, Duplication and the increase of DNA content, The ribosomal genes, Unequal crossing over and gene conversion, Repetitive DNA, The evolution of chromosome form

Text books:

  1. Francisco José Ayala. Population and Evolutionary Genetics: A Primer Published by Benjamin/Cummings Pub. Co., 1982
  2. James Franklin Crow. Basic Concepts in Population, Quantitative, and Evolutionary Genetics. Published by W.H. Freeman, 1986. ISBN 071671759X, 9780716717591
  3. Richard C. Lewontin, R. S. Singh, Costas B. Krimbas, Kōstas V. KrimpasContributor R. S. Singh, Costas B. Krimbas. Evolutionary Genetics: From Molecules to Morphology. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2000.ISBN 0521571235, 9780521571234
  4. Sahotra Sarkar. The Founders of Evolutionary Genetics: A Centenary Reappraisal. Contributor Sahotra Sarkar. Published by Springer, 1992. ISBN 0792317777, 9780792317777
  5. Volker Loeschcke, Jürgen Tomiuk, Subodh K. Jain. Conservation Genetics. Contributor Volker Loeschcke. Published by Birkhäuser, 1994. ISBN 3764329394, 9783764329396

FGB 5205                     Fish Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

Section – A

Basic molecular biology: The flow of genetic information, the structure of DNA and RNA, gene organization

Working with nucleic acids: Isolation of DNA and RNA, handling and quantification of nucleic acids, nucleic acid hybridization, gel electrophoresis, DNA sequencing

The tools of the trade: Restriction enzymes, DNA modifying enzymes, DNA ligase

The biology of genetic engineering: Host cell types, plasmid vectors, bacteriophage vectors, getting DNA into cells.

Section – B

Cloning strategies: Cloning from mRNA, cloning from genomic DNA, advanced cloning strategies.

Recombinant DNA: Genetic selection and screening methods, screening using nucleic acid hybridization, analysis of cloned gene.

Genetic engineering in action: Analysis of gene structure and function, making proteins, transgenic animals, spin-off technogies.

Text books:

  1. Barbara Wexler, Thomson Gale. Genetics and Genetic Engineering. Published by Thomson/Gale, 2003. Original from the University of Michigan. ISBN 0787675253, 9780787675257
  2. Rex A. Dunham. Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology: Genetic Approaches. Published by CABI, 2004 ISBN 0851995969, 9780851995960
  3. Richard Sherlock, John D. Morrey. Ethical Issues in Biotechnology. Contributor Richard Sherlock, John D. Morrey. Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. ISBN 0742513777, 9780742513778
  4. Harry LeVine. Genetic Engineering: A Reference Handbook. Published by ABC-CLIO, 2006. ISBN 1851098607, 9781851098606
  5. Eric S. Grace. Biotechnology Unzipped: Promises & Realities. Published by Joseph Henry Press, 1997. ISBN 0309057779, 9780309057776

Course No.: FGB 5107   Course Name: Bioinformatics    

Section – A

Introduction to bioinformatics: history, definition, scope and applications; Fields related to bioinformatics.

Database: Mining tools, submission of DNA sequences; Sequence alignment and database searching, similarity search, FASTA, BLAST.

Information networks: Internet; Genbank sequence database, EBI-net; NCBI, Genome net.

Genomics: Genome diagnostics, genome projects, genome analysis.

Section – B

Proteomics: protein information resources, primary and secondary protein data bases, analysis packages, predictive methods, ESTs.

Phylogenetic analysis; Comparative genome analysis; Microarray bioinformatics.

Practical Internet search: retrieving information from different database like NCBI, protein information sources; Preparation of data base.

Use of genome analysis packages: genetics data base; Searching by similarity; Phylogenetic analysis; Accessing and submission to genebanks; BLAST, sequence alignments, comparisons.

Text books:

  1. Discovering Genomics, Proteomics, and Bioinformatics: Malcolm Campbell, A.
  2. Introduction to Bioinformatics : Arthur M. Lesk
  3. Bioinformatics Basics: Applications in Biological Sciences and Medicine by Rashidi, H.H. and Buehler, L.K.
  4. Introduction to Bioinformatics, Attwood, T.K. and Parry-Smith, D.J.
  5. Bioinformatics: Sequence and Genome Analysis, David W. Mount
  6. Bioinformatics, A Practical Guide to the Analysis of Genes and Proteins, A.D. Baxevanis and B.F. Ouellettee
  7. Bioinformatics: A Biologist's Guide to Biocomputing and the Internet Stuart M. Brown

Journals:

  1. In Silico Biology
  2. Bioinformatics
  3. BMC Bioinformatics
  4. Briefings in Bioinformatics
  5. Briefings in Functional Genomics and Proteomics

Course No.: FGB 5209   Course Name: Cytogenetics

Section - A

Introduction, historical background, importance, improved cytogenetic techniques.

Chromosome theory of inheritance: chromosomal models and their ultra structure; Chromosomal movements and position effect.

Sex determination and differentiation, sex chromatin and Lyon’s hypothesis; Chromosome numbers in fish and karyotyping.

Section – B

Chromosomal aberrations: genetic and evolutionary implications; Chromosome banding techniques; FISH.

Cytogenetics and evolution; Genotoxicity assays (single cell electrophoresis, MNT, SCE).

Practical Preparation of chromosome spreads; Karyotyping; Banding techniques; MNT, SCE,Comet Assay.

Text books:

  1. Fish Cytogenetics : Pisano,
  2. Fish Genetics and Biotechnology: W.S.Lakra;
  3. Fish Genetics and Biotechnology - ICAR Publication (Eds. Ayyappan, Thumpy, Reddy, Krishna)

Journals:

  1. Cytogenetics
  2. Molecular Cytogenetics
  3. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics

Course No.: FGB 5111 Course Name: Ethics and Risks in Transgenic Production and GMOs

Section-A

Introduction to Ethics and Bioethics

Principles of transgenic technology and transgenic production, Its application to fisheries.

Risk assessment; GMOs and biosafety regulations, gene therapy, and designer ornamental fish strains.

Section-B

Biotechnological interventions in fish breeding; Ethical Issues in GMOs: Cartigan protocol, National regulations on GMOs, Impact assessment of GMOs, transgenic containment.

The patenting of genes for agricultural biotechnology.

Text books:

  1. Transgenic Animal Technology: A Laboratory Handbook: Carl A. Pinkert
  2. Bioethics for Scientist: Jhon Bryant, Linda Baggott, V.J., Searle
  3. Richard Sherlock, John D. Morrey. Ethical Issues in Biotechnology. Contributor Richard Sherlock, John D. Morrey. Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. ISBN 0742513777, 9780742513778

Journals:

  1. Journal of Animal Breed and Genetics
  2. Journal of Genetics
  3. Journal of Heredity
  4. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding
  5. Animal Genetics
  6. Journal of Animal Science

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FPQC 5101: Wet Fish Handling and Preservation

3 Credit hours

Section –A

  1. Harvesting: methods of harvesting, maintaining microbial load, abusive handling, stress at the time of harvesting, effect of stress on post harvest quality 
  2. Handling raw fish and preparation -Fatty fish, Lean fish, onboard handling, Gutting, Scaling, Heading, Filleting, Skinning, Bone separation or mincing, Battering and breading, Forming, Automatic shrimp-peeling, Weighing and grading.
  3. Internal Transportation: Sack or Case Truck, Jak-tug, Hand-drawn Truck, Electric Tow and Platform Trucks, Hand Pallet Truck, Powered Pallet Truck, Fork Lift Trucks, Roller Conveyors, Powered Belt Conveyors s, and Elevators, Flumes,
  4. Fish working premises: Location, design, cost

Section –B

 

  1. Icing of fish: at sea, at shore, handling ice
  2. Ice Storage: Block Ice, Flake Ice, Plate Ice, Tube Ice, Simple Bin Stores Using Manual Discharge, Ice Crushers,
  3. Chill Stores: Design and Construction, Physical Parameters, Technical Parameters, Costs
  4. Fish Boxes: Material, Strength, Drainage, Nesting, Stacking, Useful Life, Dimensions and Capacities, Fish Box Washing,
  5. Insulated Containers: Advantages, Disadvantages, Description, Calculation of Fish, Ice and Water Quantities,

Recommended references:

  1. I J Clucas and A R Ward. Post-Harvest Fisheries Development: A Guide to Handling, Preservation, Processing and Quality. Natural Resources Institute.

  1. Sheelagh Johnson and Ivor Clucas. Maintaining Fish Quality. Natural Resources institute

FPQC 5103 Applied Fisheries Microbiology

3 Credit hours

Section –A

  1. General introduction of microorganisms (Virus, bacteria, fungus); its importance in aquaculture, fish spoilage, and their sources.
  2. Microbes in fish processing: microbiology in chilled, canned, frozen, smoked, dried and fermented fishery products.
  3. Microbiology of public health and its significance; public health indicator organisms in fish and shellfish; recovery of public health pathogen;
  4. Pathogens: growth and survival
  5. Microbiology of Molluscan shellfish Crustacean shellfish

Section –B

  1. Microbial geentics: introduction to genetics and genes; nature, structure and function of genetic materials.
  2. Genetic Engineering: Basic elements and application of genetic engineering; tools & techniques of genetic methods; application in recombinant DNA technology; transgenic organisms; Genetic treatment; safety issues and ethics of genetic engineering.
  3. Applied and industrial microbiology: food and diseases, aseptic packaging, radiation and industrial food preservation; role of microbes in  food production; industrial microbiology and its future.

Recommended references

1.C.O. Chichester and H.D. Graham. 1973microbial safety of fishery products. Academic press. New York.

2.J.J Conell. 1980. Advances in fish science and technology. Fishing news books. London.UK

3.Rheinheimer, G. 1978. Aquatic micro biology. McGill data Publishing house. London.

  1. J.J Conell. Control of fish quality. Fishing news books. London.UK
  2. Tortora, G.J., Funke, B.R. and Case, C.L. 2006. Microbiology: an introduction. 8 th edition, Pearson Education, Inc.

 

FPQC 5105: Modern Fishing Technology

3 Credit hours

Section –A

    1. Fishing nets: Surrounding nets (including purse seines), Seine nets (including beach seines and Boat, Scottish/Danish seines), Trawl nets (including Bottom: Beam, Otter and Pair trawls, and Mid water trawls: Otter and Pair trawls), Dredges, Lift nets, Falling gears (including cast nets), Gillnets and entangling nets (including set and drifting gillnets; trammel nets).
    2. Fishing gears: Traps (including pots, stow or bag nets, fixed traps), Hooks and lines (including hand lines, pole and lines, set or drifting long lines, trolling lines), Grappling and wounding gears (including harpoons, spears, arrows, etc.), Stupefying devices
    3. Artificial reefs: Construction and maintenance of artificial reefs, Aggregation process, Impact of artificial reefs (Enhancement and recruitment, Biological), Legal Aspects and Regulation
4.    Fish Aggregating Devices: Various types of surface/mid water Fish Aggregating, Devices, Aggregation process, Fish enhancement by using FADs, Impact of FAD, Legal aspects and regulations of FAD

 

Section –B

  1. Fish Behaviour and population: Shoaling behaviour of fishes, Shoaling behaviour of oil sardine, mackerel, tuna, Fish stock – Abundance of fish and factors limiting abundance, Catch per Unit Effect index (CPUE).
    1. Navigational instruments: Compass, Radar, Echo sounder, Sonar, Electronic, Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS).,EPIRBs (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons, Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)
    2. Types of fisheries: Industrial fisheries, Small-scale and artisanal fisheries

Recommended references

1.Burgess, C.R- handbook of fisheries technology. Vol 1-4

2.Cushing, D. – the detection if fish catching method of the world.

3.M Stensbli industrial fisheries technology.

FPQC 5201: Advanced Fish Processing

3 Credit hours

Section –A

  1. Main activities and types of products processed, Production of processed products,
  2. Freezing fish: definition of freezing, freezing methods and equipment, types of cold store, design factor.
  3. Salting fish: properties and composition of salt, methods of salting, methods for good quality dried salt fish. Stores

Section –B

  1. Drying fish: constant drying rate, falling rate drying, natural drying, mechanical drier, solar drying.
  2. Smoking fish: how smoking preserves, methods and equipments, mechanical smokers, storage of smoked fish. packing
  3. Frying and Boiled fish products
  4. Fish canning: theory and practice: filling and sealing, sterilization, problem related to fish canning.

Recommended references

1.I J Clucas and A R Ward. Post-Harvest Fisheries Development: A Guide to Handling, Preservation, Processing and Quality. Natural Resources Institute.

 

 

 FPQC 5203: Legislation and Standards of Fishery Products

3 Credit hours

Section –A

 

  1. National standards
  2. International standards
  3. Standard methods of analysis and sampling
  4. HACCP

Section –B

 

 

  1. National codes of practice
  2. International code of practice.
  3. FAO code of conduct on Post-Harvest Practices and Trade
  4. European Communities (Hygiene Of Fishery Products And Fish Feed) regulation
  5. Labeling and Traceability of fish products

Recommended references

  1. J.J Conell. Control of fish quality. Fishing news books. London.UK

FPQC: Industrial Fish Processing and Quality Control

3 Credit hours

Section –A

  1. Microbial quality of fishery products: introduction, harvesting, onboard handling, fishing vessel sanitation and HACCP, processing, preservatives
  2. Rapid methods and automation of seafood microbiology: introduction, improvements in sampling and sample preparation, alternative methods for the viable cell count procedure, alternative methods for the viable cello count procedure, new methods for estimation of microbial population s and biomass, miniaturized microbiologic techniques, new and novel techniques.
  3. Microbiological control for fish smoking operation: smoking fish: technological aspects, smoking industry, microbiology of fish smoking processes
  4. New packing technology for seafood preservation- shelf-life extension and pathogen control: quality and nutritional value for seafood, food preservation methods, packing for seafood, modern food packing, processed seafood and a chilled convenience product.

Section –B

  1. Quality Of Raw Materials: Harvesting and landing, Handling and transportation, Raw material collection system
  2. Quality Control System Of Seafood Exports:  Quality control system ,in the industry, Official quality control system, Modern concept of preventive quality control
  3. Bottlenecks and Constraints in Quality Control System: Infrastructure Plant
  4. Management, Institutional
Recommended references

1.J.J Conell. Control of fish quality. Fishing news books. London.UK

2 A.M. Martin. Fisheries processing. Biotechnological applications. Chapman and hall. New York.

2.I J Clucas and A R Ward. Post-Harvest Fisheries Development: A Guide to Handling, Preservation, Processing and Quality. Natural Resources Institute.

 

 

 FPQC 5153: Fisheries by Products Technology

3 Credit hours

Section –A

  1. Traditional fermented fish: fish sauce production- introduction, types of traditional fermented fish products, fish sauce production, processing of fish sauce, changes during fermentation, microbiology of fish sauce, chemistry of fish sauce.

  1. Protease from aquatic organisms and their uses in the seafood industry- introduction, general properties and applications of proteases, criteria for selection of protease in industry, classification of fish proteases, traditional application of proteases in the seafood industry.

  1. Bio processing of chitin and Chitosan- introduction, general properties of chitin and Chitosan, methods for preparing Chitosan, advantages of biological versus chemical methods for preparing chitin/Chitosan.

  1. Application of crustacean wastes in biotechnology – introduction, quality and composition of crustacean waste, recovery of crustacean waste components, and applications of products recovered from crustacean wastes.

Section –B

  1. Production of fish protein concentrate-introduction, fish meal and fish protein concentrate, fish protein hydrolyze characteristics and functional properties of fish products, utilization of fish products.
  2. Production of fish protein hydrolyzed by microorganisms –introduction, solubilization of fish mince, microbial proteases, biotechnological approaches to fish meat solubilization, solubilization of fish meat immobilized microbial cell, future prospects.
  3. Production of fish silage: introduction, raw materials, composition and chemical changes, production methods. Physical properties of silage, metal corrosion in silage production, processing silage, silage quality, nutritional value.

7.lactic acid and propionic acid fermentations of fish hydrolysates: introduction, enzymatic hydrolysis of fish tissue, effectiveness of lactic acid and propionic acid fermentations, characteristics of the lactic acid and propionic acid bacteria, growth media and culture maintenance, materials and methods, results and discussion, commercial sources of lactic acid bacteria, propionic acid bacteria and papain.

  1. Mussel processing eastes as fermentation substrate: mussel and mussel processing wastes, direct treatment of non-concentrated MPW, treatment of concentrated MPW, MPW as a raw material
  2. Waste eater treatment for fisheries operations: introduction, sources and characteristics of seafood processing waste waters, treatment technologies, technology selection

Recommended references

1.A.M. Martin. Fisheries processing. Biotechnological applications. Chapman and hall. New York.