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Introduction to Environmental Sciences
- Historical and philosophical perspective;
- A historical development of the subject Environmental Science, Views of nature, Environmental attitudes, Societal environmental ethics, Corporate environmental ethics, Environmental justice, Individual environmental ethics, Global environmental ethics;
- The concepts on environment - The guiding concepts on environment;
- The components of environment;
- The physical environment - nature and organization of matter, energy flow, equilibrium and change, the earth’s surface (crust, soils, hydrosphere), atmosphere, bioelemental cycling;
- The biological environment - the biosphere; The relationship among environmental components - The basis of the relationship, Interrelated scientific principles (matter, energy and environment), Interaction between environment and organisms
- Environmental Issues - The background and nature of the development of environmental issues, a brief outline of the historic and modern environmental issues (such as issues related to epidemics, global warming, green house effect, sea-level rise, ozone depletion, acid rain, El Nino and La Nino and human impact related issues, and related social and managerial issues);
- Human impact on the natural environment - land utilization, major extractive industries, energy production, pollution (water & atmosphere) and waste management;
- The methods of studying environmental issues - Identification of issues, source and significance of the issues, parameters considered for the issue, procedure followed to handle the parameter for development of environmental issues. How to react with the environmental issues as an environmental scientist. Case studies (oil pollution, pest control, Chernobyl, Bhopal).
- Enger ED and Smith BF (1995) Environmental Science: a study of interrelationship. Wm C Brown Pub.
- Jackson ARW and Jackson JM (1996) Environmental Science. Longman
- Keller EA (1985) Environmental Geology. CBS pub and distributor, Delhi
- Pickering KT and Owen LA (1997) An Introduction to Global Environmental Issues. Routledge
Physical Environment – I Sessional
Maps and map reading
Topographic maps and topographic features, symbols for topographic map reading
Enlargement and reduction of maps, map projection – longitude and latitude
Construction of simple cylindrical, zenithal equal area and zenithal equidistant projection, and sterigraphic projection
Representation of geographic data through cartographic methods
Profile, scale division
Attitude of surface; dip and strike
Thickness of bed, symbols of rock types, structure
Conformable and unconformable beds
Geological section preparation
Interpretation of physical environment from a map.
Lahee PH: Field Geology
Platt JI: Selected Exercise upon Geological Maps
Roy AK (1982) Introduction to the Study of Geological Maps. World Press, Calcutta
Biological Environment – I
Biological principles of life – life definition, general feature of living system (chemical uniqueness, complexity and hierarchical organization, reproduction, possession of genetic program, metabolism, development, environmental interaction): The chemistry of life: The origin of life - historical perspective, renewal of inquiry, primitive earth, chemical evolution, prebiotic synthesis of small organic molecules, formation of polymers, origin of living system, Precambrian life: The cell as the unit of life - introduction, prokaryotes and eukaryotes, a comparison between the ultra structure of eukaryotic plants and animal cells, physiology of cells (energy, enzymes and metabolism), mitochondria and the process of cell respiration, chloroplasts and the process of photosynthesis, the structure of DNA and RNA, protein synthesis, chromosomes and cell division, the study of genetics, recombinant genetic technology, interaction between cells and the environment.
The hierarchical organization of complexity: Importance of taxonomy: Linnaeus and the development of classification: Taxonomic character and phylogeny reconstruction: Theoretical basis of taxonomy - the traditional evolutionary taxonomy, phylogenetic systematics, current state of animal and plant taxonomy:
Concept of Taxa - concept of species, nominalistic species concept, typological species concept, biological species concept, species in time and space, evolutionary species concept, phylogenetic species concept, alternative species concept, dynamism of species concept: Major divisions of life - major subdivisions of the plant and animal kingdom .
Hickman Jr CP, Roberts LS and Larson A (1993) Integrated principles of Zoology. Mosby
Dutta AC (1964) Botany for Degree Students (1999 impression). Oxford Univ Press, India
Datta SC (1994) Plant Physiology. Wiley Eastern Ltd
Sivarajan VV (1984) Introduction to the principles of Plant Taxonomy. Oxford & IBH Pub Co, India
Karp G (1996) Cell and Molecular Biology. John Wiley & Sons Inc
Biological Environment – I Sessional
Methods of identification, collection and study of biological specimens
Techniques of identifying and preserving botanical specimens from different habitats
Study of museum zoological specimen; technique of collection, identification and preservation of zoological specimens from different habitats
Sharma OP (1980) A manual of Practical Botany. Pragoti Prakashana, Meerut, India
Gosner KL : Guide to Identification of Marine and Estuarine Invertebrates
Basic theoretical concepts from general chemistry: Theoretical concepts and hydrogen - atomic structure and periodic table, the introduction to bonding (the ionic bonding, the covalent bonding, the metallic bonding): General properties of the elements - coordination compounds, hydrogen and the hydrides
Detailed study of the s-, p-, d-, and f-block elements:
The s-block elements; Group – I: the alkali metals, Group – I : the alkaline earth elements: The p-block elements; Group – III, - IV, – V, – VI , – VII, and – O elements: The d-block elements; an introduction to the transition elements, occurrence, size and chemical properties of scandium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper and zinc group: The f-block elements; the lanthanide series, the actinides.
Lee JD (1991) Concise Inorganic Chemistry. ELBS with Chapman and Hall
Atkins PW (1994) Physical Chemistry. ELBS with Oxford Univ Press
Maintenance of chemistry lab: Preparation of solutions: Practice of volumetric analysis.
Eaton AD, Greenberg AE, and Cleceri LS (1996) Standard Methods. APHA
Differential Calculus; functions of a real variable and their graphs, limit, continuity and derivatives, physical meaning of derivative of a function, differentiation of explicit and implicit functions, parametric equations, successive differentiation of various types of functions, Leibnitz’s theorem, Rolle’s theorem, mean value theorem, Taylor’s theorem, maximum and minimum values of a function, partial and total derivatives, tangent and normal.
Integral Calculus; definition and physical meaning of integration of a function, integration by various methods, definite integral, its properties and use in summing series, reduction formula, improper integrals, beta and gamma functions and their properties: Trigonometry; de Moiver’s theorem and its application, summation of series
Das & Mukherjee: Differential Calculus
Das & Mhukerjee: Integral Calculus
Shahidullah & Bhattacharjee: A Text Book on Higher Algebra & Trigonometry
Introduction; definition, scope and fields, importance of sociology in environmental science, relationship of sociology with other social sciences: Methods of sociological research; discussion on methods, social aspects for public policy, research-, analysis-, and action on various environment in Bangladesh:
Culture; definition, types of culture, theory of cultural lag with reference to Bangladesh, influence of environment on culture: Group and Association; concept, types, bureaucracy, its importance for environmental management in Bangladesh
Social stratification; definition, types, criteria used in stratification, stratification in open and closed societies, approach to the study of social stratification: Demography and Environment; definition, impact of environment on population and vice versa, theories of population problem, impact of population on social environment: Social Change; concept, causes of social change, environmental impact on social change:
Institution and Association; definition, their distinction, structure and function: Social Problem; problem, crime, juvenile delinquency, unemployment problem, illiteracy, student unrest: Case studies.
Hannigan JA (1995) Environmental Sociology. Routledge, London.
Horton PB and Hant CL . Sociology (5th ed). Mc-Graw Hill
Grammetics of sentence and vocabulary - structure of sentences, technical and scientific vocabulary, rules of syntax, comprehension, correction of errors, transformation of sentences, phrases and idioms, appropriate preposition, synonyms, antonyms, prefixes and suffixes
Editorial skill development in writing and verbal communication - precis writing, technical and official correspondence, writing free and guided composition, technical report writing, amplification, dialog writing, punctuation, developing speaking skill.
Taylor C (1978) Advance Language Skills. The University Press Ltd, Dhaka
Allen WS : Living English Structure
Thomson and Martinet : A practical English Grammar
Physical Environment – II
Introduction to the physical environment of the subcontinent - physiographic divisions, hydrology, climate, mountains, glaciers, waterfall, rivers and river basins such as the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, the Indus, the southern river basins, lakes, earthquake, volcanoes: The geo-environmental history - major tectonic features of the subcontinent, origin of the Himalayan and Gangetic flood plains, the relation between physiographic features and the environment: Brief discussion of the major world sedimentary basins - the Amazon, the Congo, the Mississippi and others and their environmental comparisons.
Geo-environment of Bangladesh (Bengal basin); General introductory remarks - area, population, physiography, hydrology, climate and vegetation; Major structural elements of Bengal basin; General stratighraphy and paleogeography of Bengal basin: Raw materials - general, energy raw materials, metallic raw materials, groundwater and soil.
Krishnan MS (1982) Geology of India and Burma. CBS Pub and Distributors, India
Wadia DN (1975) Geology of India. Tata McGraw-Hill
Reimann KU (1993) Geology of Bangladesh. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin
Khan FH (1991) Geology of Bangladesh. Wiley Eastern, New Delhi
Rashid H er (1991) Geography of Bangladesh. Univ Press Ltd, Dhaka
Rogers JJW and Feiss PG (1998) People and the Earth – basin issues in the sustainability of resources and environment. CUP
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