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Introduction to Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Introduction: Definition, history, technology level, and applications of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering and developing countries. Commercialization of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering in a developing economy.
Recombinant DNA Technology: Modification of gene, gene transfer, transgenic organism.
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering and Fermentation Process: Bioreactor, the fermentation process; fermented products.
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering in Agriculture: Impact of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering in agriculture; list of biotechnological products used in agriculture and their advantages and disadvantages, Biotechnological tools used in crop production. Plant Tissue culture: Micropropagation, application of micropropagation, genetic manipulated plants, biological nitrogen fixation and biofertilizers, biocontrol of plant pathogens, insect, pests and weeds. Mushroom production. Transgenic plants.
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering in Animal Production: Animal wealth, products from animal, animal cell culture, pharmaceuticals from transgenic animals, blood substitutes from transgenic animals.
Biosensor Technology and probiotics: Definition, scope and applications.
Enzyme Technology: Definition of enzyme, enzymology and enzyme technology, the nature of enzymes, the application of enzymes, the technology of enzyme production, immobilized enzymes.
Biotechnology and Medicine: Introduction, regulatory proteins, blood products, antibiotics, vaccines and monoclonal antibodies.
Biological Fuel Generation: Photosynthesis - the ultimate energy resource, sources of biomass, ethanol from biomass, methane from biomass, biogas production.
Biotechnology and Environment: Oil pollution, microbes and geological environment, pesticides and herbicides pollution, heavy metal pollution and sewage disposal.
Safety in Biotechnology: Problems of organisms, pathogencity, problems of biologically active biotechnological products.