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AT-1101
Principles of Agronomy
03  Credit
Course contents

Section - A

1. Introduction: concept, importance and scope of agriculture and agronomy; history of agriculture; basic principles of agronomy. 2. Climate and crops: definition of weather and climate; difference between weather and climate; weather elements and their role on the growth and development of crops; micro and macro climate. 3. Agricultural geography of Bangladesh: location of Bangladesh in agricultural perspective; land topographic units and the crops grown theirin; agroecological zones of Bangladesh; crops – concept and classification; cropping seasons and their characteristics. 4. Crop nutrition: essential plant nutrient elements – their sources, forms of absorption, functions, hunger signs and toxic effects.

Section – B

5. Manures and fertillers: concept, classification, nutrients content; composting and green manuring; methods of application of manures and fertilizers; soil fertility and productivity – concept and maintenance. 6. Land preparation: definition, classification and objectives of tillage; influences of tillage on soil properties; classification of tillage implements; tillage operations and their objectives; minimum tillage. 7. Planting methods: methods of planting and their advantages and disadvantages; time, method and depth of planting of major crops. 8. Intercultural operations: weeding, mulching and thinning – definition, objectives, methods; irrigation and drainage – definition, methods, advantages and disadvantages.   Recommended references 1. Ahmed, K. 1965. Agriculture in East Pakistan. Ahmed Bros.Pub. 2, J.K. Mandir Road, Dhaka. 2. Alim, A. 1974. An Introduction to Bangladesh Agriculture. 220, Garden Road, Kawran Bazar, Dhaka. 3. De, G.C. 1997. Fundamentals of Agronomy. Oxford & IBH Pub. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 4. Reddy, T.Y. and Reddi, G.H. 1995. Principles of Agronomy. Kalyani Publishers. New Delhi. 5. Mohammad Abdul Quddus, Mohammad Nazrul Islam Talukder. 1993. Krishitatter Moula Niti. Bangla Acedamy, Dhaka (In Bengali).
AT-1102
Principles of Agronomy Sessional and Field Work
01  Credit
Course contents 1. Identification of crops, soil, farm implements, manures and fertilizers. 2. Determination of the working efficiency of important farm implements through practicing. 3. Practicing fertilizer application using different methods. 4. Raising of a crop in individual plot.   Recommended references 1. Ahmed, K. 1965. Agriculture in East Pakistan. Ahmed Bros.Pub. 2, J.K. Mandir Road, Dhaka. 2. Alim, A. 1974. An Introduction to Bangladesh Agriculture. 220, Garden Road, Kawran Bazar, Dhaka. 3. De, G.C. 1997. Fundamentals of Agronomy. Oxford & IBH Pub. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 4. Reddy, T.Y. and Reddi, G.H. 1995. Principles of Agronomy. Kalyani Publishers. New Delhi. 5. Mohammad Abdul Quddus, Mohammad Nazrul Islam Talukder. 1993. Krishitatter Moula Niti. Bangla Acedamy, Dhaka (In Bengali).
AT – 1103
Soil Science
03  Credit
Course contents

Section - A

1. Soil genesis: definition, components, mineral matter, organic matter, air and water of soil; soil forming rocks and minerals – classification and properties; general properties and chemical composition of minerals; soil formation – physical and chemical process of weathering; factors of soil formation – climate, biosphere, parent material, relief and time; soil forming processes – laterization, podzolization and calcification; soil profile; a brief account of the geological time scale; geology of Bangladesh – tertiary hill sediments, Madhupur clay and recent alluvium; geomorphology of Bangladesh – hills, terraces and floodplains. 2. Soil physics: soil particles – definition, classification and properties; particle size distribution analysis; Stokes’ law, its assumptions and limitations; soil texture – definition, textural classes, properties and importance; particle density, bulk density and soil porosity; soil structure – definition, genesis, types, grades and classes, importance of soil structure in agriculture.

Section – B

3. Soil fertility: definition, distinction between soil fertility and productivity; essential plant nutrient elements- criteria for essentiality, sources, available forms in soil and important functions in plant growth; manures and fertilizers - distinction, kinds of manures and fertilizers with chemical composition; manures and fertilizers commonly used in Bangladesh; soil pH – definition; grading of soil according to pH values. 4. Soil organisms: classification of soil organisms; soil microorganisms; procaryotes and eucaryotes; classification of soil bacteria and algae; occurrence and functions of bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, algae and protozoa in soils.   Recommended references 1. Armson, K.A. 1979. Forest Soils: Properties and processes. Univ. Toronto Press. Toronto. 2. Bangar, M.M. 1981. A Text Book of Geology. Standard Publishers Distributor, Delhi. 3. Biswas, T.D. & Mukherjee, S.K. 1989. Text Book of Soil Science. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi. 4. Brady, N.C. 1988. The Nature and Properties of Soils. 9th Ed. Eurasia Publishing House Co. Ltd. New Delhi. 5. FAO. 1971. Bangladesh: Soil Resources. AGL: SF/PAK 6. Tech. Report No. 3. 6. Hossain, S.M.M. 1989. Laboratory Manual for Soil and Plant Analysis. Analytical services Division of BARI, Joydebpur, Gazipur.
AT-1104
Soil Science Sessional and Field Work
01  Credit
Course contents 1. Identification of important rocks and mineral specimens. 2. Studies on soil sampling methods and preparation of soil sample for analysis. 3. Determination of soil pH. 4. Study on soil profile in the field. 5. Determination of soil moisture. 6. Mechanical analysis of soils by hydrometer method.   Recommended references 1. Armson, K.A. 1979. Forest Soils: Properties and processes. Univ. Toronto Press. Toronto. 2. Bangar, M.M. 1981. A Text Book of Geology. Standard Publishers Distributor, Delhi. 3. Biswas, T.D. & Mukherjee, S.K. 1989. Text Book of Soil Science. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi. 4. Brady, N.C. 1988. The Nature and Properties of Soils. 9th Ed. Eurasia Publishing House Co. Ltd. New Delhi. 5. FAO. 1971. Bangladesh: Soil Resources. AGL: SF/PAK 6. Tech. Report No. 3. 6. Hossain, S.M.M. 1989. Laboratory Manual for Soil and Plant Analysis. Analytical services Division of BARI, Joydebpur, Gazipur.
AT-1105
Agricultural Botany
03  Credit
Course contents

Section - A

1. Systematic Botany: taxonomy- definition, branches, objectives and uses of taxonomy; brief history of taxonomy; modern trends in plant taxonomy; binominal nomenclature; naming of botanical variety and cultivar; systematic study and economic importance of the following families of angiosprems and practical implications of systematic study of these families in agriculture- poacea, Leguminosae, compositae/Asteraceae, Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Rutaceae, Tiliaceae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Umblliferae, Anacardiaceae, Palmaceae, Moraceae, Araceae. 2. Morphological study of the following crop plants: rice, wheat, maize, mustard, lentil, ground nut, jute, potato, brinjal, mango, sugarcane and onion.

Section – B

3. Anatomy: cell - ultrastructure and functions of the components of a typical plant cell; cell wall - constituents of cell wall, thickening of cell wall, pit and primary pit field, plasmodesma; tissue and tissue systems - concept and classification, characteristic features/structures, functions, and distribution of different types of plant tissues; primary structures of root, stem and leaf of monocot and dicot. 4. Embryology : micropsporogenesis and microgametogenesis; megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis; fertilization; development of embryo and endosperm.   Recommended references 1. Anon., 19. . Fundamenetals of Botany. 2nd ed. Vikas pub. House Pvtg. Ltd. New Delhi. 2. Dutta. A.C 1974. Botany for Degree Students. 4th ed. Oxford Univ. Press, Calcutta. 3. Esau. K 1977. Anatomy of Seed Plants. 2nd Ed. John Wiley, NY. 4. Gupta, R. K. 1981. Text Book of Systematic Botany. 5th Ed. Atta Ram. Pub. New Delhi. 5. Hill, Aj. F. 1992. Economic Botany. 2nd ed. , Shreemali. 6. Pursglove J. W 1990. Tropical Crops. Vol. 1 & 2, Longman, London.
AT-1106
Agricultural Botany Sessional and Field Work
01  Credit
Course contents 1. Study of the external morphology of the following crops - rice, maize, wheat, mustard, sunflower, jute, tobacco, potato, blackgram, lemon, mango, jackfruit and banana. 2. Study of simple and compound microscope - care, handling and storage of microscope. 3. Preparation of temporary slides; sectioning, staining and mounting of plant parts (leaf. root, stem). 4. Microscopice study of the following - cell components, cell wall, middle lamella; different types of cells in transverse and longitudinal sections; tracheids, vessels, wood fibre, seive tube etc. 5. Anatomical study of stem and roots of maize, rice, wheat, jute, groundnut and sunflower.   Recommended references 1. Anon., 19. . Fundamenetals of Botany. 2nd ed. Vikas pub. House Pvtg. Ltd. New Delhi. 2. Dutta. A.C 1974. Botany for Degree Students. 4th ed. Oxford Univ. Press, Calcutta. 3. Esau. K 1977. Anatomy of Seed Plants. 2nd Ed. John Wiley, NY. 4. Gupta, R. K. 1981. Text Book of Systematic Botany. 5th Ed. Atta Ram. Pub. New Delhi. 5. Hill, Aj. F. 1992. Economic Botany. 2nd ed. , Shreemali. 6. Pursglove J. W 1990. Tropical Crops. Vol. 1 & 2, Longman, London.
Chem-1159
Chemistry
03  Credit
Course contents

Section – A

1. Introduction to chemistry: definition and scope; the nature and composition of matter: the chemical structure of matter. 2. Atomic structure and the periodic table: early views, atomic spectra of hydrogen and the Bohr theory, Bohr-Sommerfield model, quantum number; wave mechanical approach; atomic orbital, build-up elements, the periodic table of the elements, atomic properties and the periodic table. 3. The structure of molecules: the origin of bonding, types of bonding; covalent vs ionic bonding: bond polarity, bonding of some representative molecules and their chemical geometry. 4. Chemical reaction and stoichiometry : synthesis in chemistry, the soichiometry of chemical reactions, precipitation reactions, acid-base reactions and oxidation reduction reactions: ion electron method for balancing redox reactions. 5. Introduction to analytical chemistry : chemical analysis, types of analysis, volumetric analysis: types of volumetric analysis, acid-base titration, oxidation-reduction titration, precipitation titration and complexometric titration, colorimetry and spectrophotometric analysis: Lambert and Beer’s law and its application. 6. Colloids : colloids and crystalloid; classification of colloids; general methods of preparation of colloidal solution; properties of colloids; caogulation; peptisation and electrophorosis.

Section – B

7 Matter and energy: heat and work: the first law of thermodynamics, heat of reaction; enthalpies, the second law of thermodynamics; entropy, the third law; absolute entropies, a general criterion for spontaneous change; the Gibb’s free energy 8 System in equilibrium: physicalequilibriam; Raoult’s law to dilute solution, non-ideal solution: Henry’s laws, application of Raoult’s law to dilute solution: colligative properties, chemical equilibrium, the law of mass action, equilibrium constant, Lecheteliatr principle, equilibria in ionic solutions, acid-base equilibria, concept of pH and buffer solution. 9 Chemical kinetics: first and second order reactions and their simple treatment; determination of order of reaction; outline of Arrhenius and Collision theory. 10 Introduction to organic chemistry: aliphatic hydrocarbon, halogen derivatives of aliphatic hydrocarbon, alcohol, aldehyde, ketones, carboxilic acid, esters and amines; structure, properties and some representative reactions with special reference to functional groups, modern concepts of the structure of benzene and its derivatives.   Recommended references 1. 1.First Year Chemistry, J.M. Coxon, J. E. Fergusson and L.F. Phillips. Edward Arnold Pub. Ltd. 2. Modern Inorganic Chemistry (4th ed.), G.F. Liptrot, ELBS. 3. Chemistry, The Molecular Science, JOlmsted, Gregory M. Williams, Mosby Publishers. 4. Ahmed, M. and. Main, A.I., 1972. A Text Book of Organic Chemistry. 3rd ed., Ghani Art Press, Bangla Bazar, Dhaka. 5. Finar, I.L. 1973. Organic Chemistry. Vol. 1, 6th ed. English Laanguage Book Society. 6. Haider, S.Z. 2000. Introduction to Modern Inorganic Chemistry., Students Publications P.K. Roy Lane, Dhaka. 7. Hopue, M.M. and Nawab, M.A. 1974. “Principles of Physical Chemistry. 3rd ed., Students Publications, Dhaka. 8. Khalique, A. 1971. Organic Chemistry. Ideal Library, Bangla Bazar, Dhaka. 9. Morrison, R.T. and Boyd, R.N. Organic Chemistry. , Allyn and Bacon, Inc. New Delhi.
Chem-1160
Chemistry Sessional
01  Credit
Course contents 1. Preparation of standard solutions. 2. Volumetric analysis: a. Acid-base titration; determination of the strength of acid/base by using standard base/acid solution respectively. b. Oxidation-reduction titration: determination of the amount of iron (in grams per litre) of the given ferrous sulphate solution by standard potassium permanganate solution; c. Iodometric titration: determination of the amount of copper (in grams per litre) of a given copper sulphate solution by using standard sodium thiosulphate solution. d. Precipitation titration: determination of salinity of a water sample e. Complexometric titration: determination of Ca and Mg from water sample.   Recommended references 1. 1.First Year Chemistry, J.M. Coxon, J. E. Fergusson and L.F. Phillips. Edward Arnold Pub. Ltd. 2. Modern Inorganic Chemistry (4th ed.), G.F. Liptrot, ELBS. 3. Chemistry, The Molecular Science, JOlmsted, Gregory M. Williams, Mosby Publishers. 4. Ahmed, M. and. Main, A.I., 1972. A Text Book of Organic Chemistry. 3rd ed., Ghani Art Press, Bangla Bazar, Dhaka. 5. Finar, I.L. 1973. Organic Chemistry. Vol. 1, 6th ed. English Laanguage Book Society. 6. Haider, S.Z. 2000. Introduction to Modern Inorganic Chemistry., Students Publications P.K. Roy Lane, Dhaka. 7. Hopue, M.M. and Nawab, M.A. 1974. “Principles of Physical Chemistry. 3rd ed., Students Publications, Dhaka. 8. Khalique, A. 1971. Organic Chemistry. Ideal Library, Bangla Bazar, Dhaka. 9. Morrison, R.T. and Boyd, R.N. Organic Chemistry. , Allyn and Bacon, Inc. New Delhi.
Math-1161
Mathematics
03  Credit
Course contents

Section – A

1. Permutation and combination, matrix. 2. Defferential calculus: function and limit - definition of constant and variables; functions, limit of function; classification of functions; graphical representation of function and theorems of limit; differential co-efficient - the formal definition of a differential co-efficient, derivative of simple algebic and trigonometric function from definition; maxima and minima - maxima and minima of function of one variable, determination of maxima and minima and point of inflection.

Section - B

3. Integral calculus: definition of integration, integration of simple function; integration by the method of substitution. integration by parts; definite integrals - definition of the definite integral, substitution; in a definite integral, properties of definite integral, evaluation of definite integral by the definition of definite integral as the limit of a sum. 4. Geometry three dimension: rectangular co-ordinate system; straight line; plane.   Recommended references 1. Hall, H.S. and Knight S.R. 1961. Higher Agebra. Macmillan and Co. Ltd. New York. 2. Peterson, G.L. 1989. Algebra and Trigonometry. Works worth Publication Company, Beont, California. 3. Shaidulah, A.M.A. and Bhattacharjee, P.V.: 1988. A Text Book on Higher Algebra and Trigonometry. H.L. Bhattacharjee, 124 chandrpura, Chittagong. 4. Abdur Rahman A. F.M. and Bhattacharjee P.K. 1989. A Text Book on Co-Ordinate Geometry with Vector Analysis: tudent way, Bangla Bazar, Dhaka-1. 5. Mohammad, K. and Bahttacharjee, P.K. 1988. A Text Book on Differential Calculus: S. Tripaty, 124 Chandanpura, Chittagong. 6. Mohammad, K. and Battacharjee, P.K. 1987. A Text Book on Integral Calculus. H. Battacharjee 124 Chandanpura, Chittagong.
AT-1201
Weed Management
02  Credit
Course contents

Section – A

1. Introduction: definition, characteristics and classification of weeds; harmful and beneficial effect of weeds; crop loss due to weeds. 2. Reproduction and survival of weeds: propagation, dispersal and persistence of weeds. 3. Distribution of weeds: distribution of weeds in relation to land topography, soil, seasons, crops and crop production practices. 4. Crop-weed association: concept and causes; name of crops with their associated weeds; crop-weed competition - concept, critical period and factors affecting competition; crop loss due to competition; allelopathic effect of weeds on crops.

Section – B

5. Principles of weed management: concept and principles of weed management. 6. Methods of weed management: preventive, eradication and control methods; mechanical, cultural, biological and chemical methods of weed control; advantages and disadvantages of different weed control methods; integrated weed management. 7. Herbicides: classification, formulation and mode of action of herbicides; selectivity of herbicides, factors affecting selectivity; methods, doses and time of herbicides application; factors affecting the foliage and soil applied herbicides; herbicidal weed controls in major crops - rice, wheat, jute, cotton, sugarcane; effect of herbicides on crops and environment.   Recommended references 1. Crafts, A. S. and Robbins, W. W. 1973. Weed control. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill Pub. Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 2. Gupta, O. P. 1998. Modern Weed Management. Agro-botanica, Bikaner, India. 3. Hance, R.J. and Holy, K. 1990. Weed Control Hand Book: Vol.-11, Blackweel Scientific Publication, Oxford, London. 4. Karim, S. M. R and Kabir, M. H. 1995. Bangladesher Agacha Porichiti. Bangla Academy. Dhaka. 5. Rao, V. S. 1994. Principles of Weed Science. Oxford & IBH pub. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 6. Subramanian, S. Mohamed Ali, A. and Jayakumar, R. 1997. All About Weed Control, Kalyni Publishers, New Delhi.
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